PTO 119 | Key Stats To Monitor

There are many statistics that an owner COULD track, but which are more important than others? In this episode, Nathan Shields’ guest, Craig Ferreira of Survival Strategies, Inc., answers that question based on his greater than 35 years in the physical therapy industry. Not only does he share the key stats to track, but he has also developed software to track, graph, and project. The power of tracking stats is based on the objectivity of the data, which tells you exactly what needs to occur to improve the status of your company and achieve your goals. Every successful PT owner that Nathan has interviewed and met is tracking and acting based on the key statistics they regularly assess.


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Key Stats To Monitor, Manage, And Project With Craig Ferreira Of Survival Strategies, Inc.

I've got a returning guest to Craig Ferreira. He is the CEO and Owner of Survival Strategies, which has been helping physical therapy owners for many years. He is also the CEO of Hands-On Diagnostics. I wanted to bring him on because not only does he have a wealth of information, experience and expertise in relation to helping PT owners. If you want to learn his story, you can refer to our past episode. I want to talk a little bit because you've developed a software program to help us gather the most important statistics, especially those related to growth and where you can capture losses quickly that might be a detriment to your business. I'm trying to summarize it there, but first of all, thanks for coming on.

How are you?

I'm doing good. Let's jump into it. You've developed this program and I'm sure it's because of the decades in which you've worked with PT owners and its key statistics related to your business ownership. Talk to us a little bit about the statistics that are involved and some of the key components to it. In my conversation with Will Humphreys, and I'm sure you would agree, one of the key aspects of being a successful PT owner is to lead by statistics to measure those stats and see which trends are happening over time and work off of those statistics to improve your business. I'm getting my head of myself, but that's the importance of it. Tell us a little bit about what you're seeing and why you decided to develop this.

First of all, this came from my years of experience working in clinics. I worked in about 200 clinics myself onsite as a consultant in the ‘80s and the ‘90s and before the computers. There was one of a few items that I realized that people didn't have and to this day, they still don't have, which is you can keep a statistic. Let's call it new patients. That's good, but how many of these do you need to pay your expenses and to make some profits? People sit down with Excel and this and that and you can figure it out, but my software does all that automatically. You can say, “I want 20% profits and I have this expense and so on.” The system I designed automatically creates what is that bottom line, which is an important thing to know.

The other side of the coin is people don't know what could they do? What's my potential production with my existing staff? I made the software do that too. You not only get what are we doing? You also get, what could we do, what do we get to do or what must we do? With those parameters, you can also educate your staff as to, “Do you see this graph we've got here? Here's a red line. We got to be above this all the time. We could do this. This is what we're doing.” The owner has to include in that red line though, reserves and profits. If they don't put that in, they're not running their business as we know. They're just running it to pay themselves and hope that they can make some profits.

I find that with a lot of the clients, the people that I talk to and I saw it in myself back in the day, but we simply run along. As long as the bank account shows us that we have some extra money, then we would assume that we were doing well because we had none of this financial and formal business training. One of the first things I have to get some of my coaching clients to do is say, “How many visits do you need to break even?” Sometimes they don't know or, “What's that dollar amount? What do you got to make every month to not only cover all your expenses but also to provide you a little bit to put away in reserves and that 10% minimum profit margin?”

What are those numbers? Not to have those numbers is simply flying blind. As I said, you're hoping and wishing that the money shows up. If it doesn't show up, then you're scrambling with your head cut off. It's better to not be in that position but to be working from a place of certainty. I love that you said you have to share that with your team. Not only is important for the owner to know that, but the team should know that. They need to know when they're producing well, when the clinic is going well, and when the clinic's not going well. They should know that so they can do something about it.

I remember I had a PT once. It was in Arizona in the middle summer and it's a slow season for us. I said, “I don't know if we'll hit 150 visits this week.” She stared at me like, “I don't know what that means.” She had no clue. This was an experienced PT and it was no fault of hers. It was all my fault. I thought, “I'm not teaching my team the importance of the members and when things are good and when things are bad.” That was a learning experience for me. I'm glad that you said that.

Most of the people that come aboard with you are not trained in economics so they don't understand it. The point is that whole subject by its own definition would indicate that you need to understand the business, what could it do and what does it have to do? What are the areas of loss that eventually ended up to you losing money? I can guarantee you that I can look at any clinic. I don’t care who's it is and show at least a 10% loss at the front desk and another 10% loss in the billing and collection area. I've never found one I couldn't do that with. It's easy to say that you need to know how many new patients come in to make your bottom line. What's even more important is, what are the sub-things you see that make that happen like?

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One statistic that you must track or referrals that don't arrive and some people just don't do it, the front desk doesn't do it, or they don't even know that anybody that contacts that clinic for any reason is a referral. That has to be the concept. There is a phone call, an email, fax, a friend, a family member like, “I heard about your services. I want to come in. The doctor sent me.” Consider that to be a self-referral. Do they get in the door? If you don't track referrals versus evals, you can't see that you're losing about $1,000 every time you don't get that patient in the door. Nationally, I think that's about the average these days. Your front desk needs to know that. That's a $1,000 loss.

I don't think they understand that when people call and say, “Where are you located? What are your hours? Do you take this insurance?” That's not what they're calling about. They’re simply fishing and those are potential referral sources. If your front desk isn't trained to be the salesman that they need to be, they're going to simply answer the question and hang up.

The clarification I'd make there, if it's a patient calling, that's not the referral source to follow, but that is a self-referral. Those things have to be tracked. It then comes in and now they start canceling. That's the other area of loss. What do they do? They don't get it made up. They don't control the schedule. They take excuses. That front desk has got to be trained and good at communication and skilled. One thing I found out is that people don't track dropouts. I asked, “Do you get dropouts?” They answered, “Yes.” I asked, “What is it?” A dropout is self discharged patients. That's the way to think about it. They don't track it by the therapist so you don't see whose patients are dropping out more than others and all that other stuff.

Here's something you can do. This is a suggestion that I have for the whole profession. At intake, you should have a form that says, “It's a medical necessity that at the time of completing your services here, we need to see you in person.” It has to be done in person. That is a procedure that will help at least with the front desk and the patient. When they say, “I don't want to come back, I feel better, it hurts too much,” or whatever they're saying, “I understand, Joe. Remember in the intake stuff, you got to come back in. We got to complete the paperwork,” or whatever you want to say, the reason is you get the patient back in.

I've said it a million times on the show. I share it with my clients, but we both know the average number of patients who complete their full plans of care in most outpatient physical therapy clinics across the country is something 15% or 20%. If that stat alone is measured and improved, that can do wonders for your revenues and your bottom line.

There is no doubt about it. That's another area of loss. Those statistics you see need to be tracked to point dropouts, cancellations and no shows. That's a whole other thing, which has to be tracked. In my software, I track all this by therapists and then it automatically makes it by the percentage of arrivals. It does it mathematically so you can see the percentage of arrivals of each therapist and the clinic as a whole. You can also do this in Excel.

It's important to track that by provider because your clinic on average could be doing well. If you don't track provider, it could be a situation where 3 out of the 4 providers are doing above expectations, then the one provider is below expectations, bringing the average down to where you want it to be. When you go by provider, you're able to have the one-on-one conversations that need to be had and people need to be held accountable. Otherwise, you're going based on feeling. It seems like their interactions are going well with the patients, with the other team members and they're seeing the right number of people. If you don't get down to by providers statistics in terms of their billing and their dropouts, then you get a feel for exactly how well they're doing in your clinic.

The other thing you want to keep advance schedule, “What's scheduled next week?” That’s an important statistic. If you've got the advanced schedule, you can see what's coming up and you can also go, “This person normally does 60 visits a week. Next week he only has scheduled 40, what happened here?” For therapists, it's evals. The other thing that happens is discharges go out of crazy. If you don't track the evals against the discharge, it gets to be nuts. The advance schedule, the percentage of arrivals, which is calculated by the no shows, the cancels, and the dropouts. You've got the average treatment charge, which we haven't talked about. That's a whole other area where you're losing money. There's a thing called percentage capacity.

This guy should be doing 100%. He did 60% this week. What did he do for the other 40% of the time? Those are the statistics. What I did with the software is I've made it so that each therapist, the clinics that have been using this, the staff gets to the point where they fill in their own numbers. They sit there and they fill in their own numbers and graphs are automatically generated. It also shows their bottom line and their individual bottom line of potential. Personally, how many of these do they have to do? It doesn't show them anything about finances unless the owner wants them to because the software has four access levels. It's done extremely fast. As a matter of fact, I timed it. If you gather the numbers and you put it in a spreadsheet and you press enter, each therapist takes about three minutes a week.

PTO 119 | Key Stats To Monitor
Key Stats To Monitor: PT owners lose their money from inefficiencies internally with scheduling, charging, billing, no planning, and no goal setting.

It's the gathering of the data that could be theoretically the “problem.” They don't have the data. They don't keep the data. They don't know where the data is. That's a whole of the situation. The last thing that I realized and created was a thing called profit. This is the thing that we will love. It was the profit projection sheet, where you can take your expenses and a few other parameters and you say, “I'm going to hire somebody.” I plugged them in. I plugged in your salary, your taxes and they're going to add X more visits per week. What does this do to how many more visits do I have to do? What kind of money can I make on that projected income?

Here's the other thing that I've never, ever seen to be untrue. I have done hundreds upon hundreds of these profit projection sheets with clinics random from all over the place. When people sit down and tell me that they are not making any money, and then I sit down and show them, “What are you talking about? Let's take a look at this. With your existing resources, you could be making an extra $200,000 a year.” They go, “What do you mean?” I was like, “You can be. The reason you're not, we need to find that out.” Normally, it’s that they didn’t get enough new patients. They don't know how to control that. That's a whole other thing. In some cases, they have enough new patients. In pediatrics, for instance, we're working a lot with pediatric practices. Most or all of them have waiting lists, but that's not where they lose their money. They lose their money from inefficiencies internally, scheduling, charging, billing, no planning and no goal setting.

The software is made to do that, but with all this said, that's all nice we can talk about this. The last thing, the break-even point and the viable practice, there's only one. It’s when that owner recognizes that they cannot be in the treatment room all the time. There's no leadership. There's nobody looking at the numbers. There's nobody even designing the numbers. What I try to do is make it for a business where other people could be involved in the stat tracking so it's not all on the owner, which helps the owner out.

I love the financial projection portion of your program. I talked to clients when they're talking about growth, bringing on another PT and adding that salary. They say, “I don't see how it's going to work.” I say, “This is where you need to get your CPA and your bookkeeper involved and start adding some of those numbers and projecting and seeing what new patients or total visits you'll have to hit in order to make the numbers you want to make.” If you can do it on your own, that takes a step out of the process because you and I both know that you're going to have to set up an appointment with the CPA. That's a month out and it's going to take an hour on top of the other stuff. It's going to cost you something to do that. If you can start plugging and playing some of those numbers, knowing your reimbursement rates, you're going to be able to create that financial outlook on your own, which can be super powerful.

The other part of it and I made it a little section. It's like a, what if, “I'm going to open up a new income source or I'm going to open up a new clinic.” “You can do a projected budget.” You don't need to go to your CPA. You can sit there and put the numbers in. I've already done that work. It's fun. It also tracks the referral sources to see who is referring, what their specialty is, what part of town they're in, and the demographics of the referrals. It creates pie charts, graphs and all that other stuff.

You've been doing this for many years. You've been preaching the importance of key statistics, tracking, graphing and watching them. What do you find in most clinics that happen to the owner and the clinic itself when they sit down and take the time to measure their statistics on a regular basis? What transformations do you typically see?

I believe and know that anyone has a high intelligence level. That's my own thing. What I have found is most people can make decisions and do something, but the step that's missing is the observation of enough information to make the decision. What you see when an owner starts to see, “This affects that and that affects this. This is the bottom line. That's my potential.” I've been listening to people tell me that they can't produce, but I go and look and see that they're not producing. It starts to get rid of all the confusion. They get unconfused. The confusion starts to become a way and now they have stable things to view and understand their business from. It calms them down. The stress level comes down.

It's emotional at that point and it's completely objective. I love that it's analogous to a dashboard because when you see the stats, they tell you what you need to do next. You don't have to sit there and think, “What's going on? Why aren't I doing this? Why aren't I profit? What's happening to all my new patients?” You look at the stats and it tells you the story. You simply have to follow those stats and take action.

I'm going to give you an example I am seeing with every clinic we've ever seen. When the new patients go crazy, the discharges all of a sudden, go crazy. The therapist starts discharging.

Most people can make decisions and do something, but the step that's missing is the observation of enough information to make the decision. Click To Tweet

They get busy and they start discharging patients or letting them fall off or whatever.

We then go and interview them. We put in what we call a chart review. The owner, somebody sits down with the chart and says, “Can we take a look? I noticed you discharge Joe here at the end of four patients. There are a few of the discharges, what's happening?” “I got too many new ones.” “Did we establish the goals with this patient? How come? What are we doing here? Aren't we supposed to be treating and helping people achieve their goals? Did we discharge him because we're too busy? That's a management problem. You've got to let us know we need more therapists. Don't just start discharging the patients.” It happens all the time.

My point is this, if you don't objectively measure, Joe, has new patients on an uptrend and all of a sudden, the discharges are above the evals or they spike. What do you do? You go and look interview Joe. The way we found it is chart reviews because the therapist will agree that, “I could have done some more. I didn't have enough time.” “We've got to get that fixed not financially, but because we're not getting the patients what they need.”

Now, you have a patient that hasn't fulfilled their goals and they're going around town telling family and friends that the physical therapy doesn't do anything for you. They're not telling everybody that they only went to four visits and they expected miracles. They're saying that, “The physical therapist didn't work for me so I'm not going back.” That comes down to the responsibility of that particular provider, not getting full buy-in and engagement with the patient and following them through to the full plan of care.

A long-term client of mine, Paul Salkovskis mentioned to me many times he's been treating for as long as I've been consulting, “The most important aspect of the whole therapy thing is the first interview with that patient, where I bring them to an understanding. Not only am I their therapist, but our job as a team is we're going to go the whole later and I need your agreement to stick with me. We're going to make that happen.” That’s key.

On top of what you already said, it seems like the owners that look at their stats on a regular basis and act accordingly are simply in greater control. They're in a more powerful position to do what the clinic needs. If they're in the treatment room full-time, then they're not seeing, observing, and not taking the actions that are necessary. What can help those providers who are treating full-time is if they number one, take control of their schedule and set aside at least a half-day a week initially, to gather the data, measure the statistics, break it down by clinic and provider and then act accordingly. Start from there.

Over time, you'll team members start reporting their own data up to you and you'll see changes in their behaviors as they see the data for themselves because that's their scorecard. It shows how they're doing. They tend to start taking control of their own areas and that provides them a powerful base off of which they can work, improve, set goals, and show progress. Once it starts with the owner and works its way down to the team members individually reporting those statistics, that's when you can start gaining some traction.

We have some long-term clients who I can think of one, in particular, has about 50 staff. All her staff is in my program and they play games. They'll go, “How many did you do this week? You did that minimum visit? I'm going to beat you this week.” This fun and they also get rewarded.

If people wanted to find out where they can get your software program, how can they find it, whether it's online or in contacting you? How can we get in touch with you?

PTO 119 | Key Stats To Monitor
Key Stats To Monitor: When COVID is done, let’s not decrease the communication level. Keep it up there because that's everybody's hope factor.

The easiest thing to do at this point is I'm going to give you my personal email. The reason I'm doing that is because of COVID. I'm all over the place. We do have an office still, but everybody's working from home, at least in my profession. It's If you have an interest, shoot me an email. Somebody can shoot me an email and I will ensure that either my assistant or myself sets up a demo if you want to see what am I talking about here? That would be the easiest thing to do.

I'm excited to hear about the part of your software that projects things. I think that's missing with our PT owners because they go off of feel. They might see numbers in terms of new patients, the total visits, and their bank account and they're like, “It's time. Let's grow,” but they don't know exactly what it's going to take? How that's going to affect things? What the financial implications are going to be when they do expand, and what they can expect? Having this software available to them can provide them some opportunities to look forward appropriately and know exactly what to expect and what needs to be done in order to be profitable.

It gives them a great tool. It's a fast tool as well. It provides the data quite fast and then it makes it a lot more fun, frankly, because you can see what's going on.

If you got a numbers nerd or something like that in front of a spreadsheet, you start throwing numbers up there and see, “What does that do?” Can it also reverse if I want a 20% profit margin, will it tell me the number of new patients I would mean once you have all the data?

You can automatically change the percentage of profits to anything and they'll tell you the new patients, the visits, the charges you need after your write-offs in the account. It does everything like that so you could see it. It's not just a spreadsheet of numbers. It's in a graph. You can look at it and it's got color to it. It's got an aesthetic.

I love this stuff, especially for PT owners. More resources are coming available to us, but there needs to be more of this and you don't find it available in the EMR. I'm glad that you created something like this.

Thank you.

Thanks for your time, Craig. I appreciate it. Do you want to share anything else with the audience?

I hope and know that everyone is pushing through what we all have to push through the stuff that's been going on. It seems to be getting better. One thing I would like to communicate that I noticed, because of COVID, the communication level has greatly increased between people. What I'm hoping is that when it's done, you don't decrease the communication level. Keep it up there because that's, what's keeping everybody's hope factor. I call it alive and creating, and what are you doing? Who's helping who? If somebody is in trouble, they can talk to somebody.

Because of COVID, the communication level has greatly increased between people. Click To Tweet

I agree because as we were going through the middle of it March, April and May 2020, there were more webinars, free consultations, and that stuff that I don't think that's necessarily fallen off. It's important. You stressed for owners to know that the consultants at Survival Strategies are more than able to do a free consult with you. I'm willing to do the same for people at Hands-On Diagnostics. If people are still trying to push through, the resources are still there. We haven't backed off of our willingness to work with you.

You might not hear from us as much because there's not as much coming through the pipes day-after-day from Medicare and everyone else. They're still available. They're still there to help. They want to help people through and the resources there, the communication on the owners has to continue as well. They need to maintain a high level of communication with our teams. They need to maintain a higher level of marketing and promotions that they did to the doctors back then. They make sure they keep it up and don't let it back off.

It should be doubled or tripled. We have many clients now in the training company that are doing better than they've ever done. The reason is that their communication level to their community has been quadrupled. That's an important factor. It's a pleasure. If you ever want anything again, I'm always available to help.

As always, it's great to have you on and learn from your wisdom. I appreciate your time, Craig.

Thank you very much.

Have a good day.

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About Craig Ferreira

PTO 119 | Key Stats To MonitorCraig Ferreira has been around the PT block thousands of times. He knows the inner workings better than almost anybody and can break down any situation into easily digestible nuggets. Thus, I had to have him on when I found out that he's about to give a talk on how to improve productivity and, specifically, sales in the PT setting. Most PTs hate "sales" as we know them, but doing it in the right way isn't "sales" at all. How we present that to our teams can be super easy. Craig knows how to do it. If you simply do a little footwork, have some conversations, practice the art of "selling," create and hold expectations firmly, then just wind it up and let it go, you can see results quickly! Follow Craig as he'll walk you through it.

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PTO 96 | COVID-19 Lockdown


More than likely, you have a little extra time during the COVID-19 crisis and its subsequent lockdowns. As owners, you have the opportunity to take advantage of this time to do the things you typically don't have the time to do—creating your purpose and values, structuring the business in your ideal scenario, generating policies and procedures, reading business books, taking steps to implement what you learn, and more. In this episode, Nathan Shields invited his partner, Will Humphreys, to discuss what owners can do to take advantage of this time and come out stronger on the other end. Don't miss out on this insightful conversation!


Listen to the podcast here:

Five Things To Do During The COVID-19 Lockdown: Taking Advantage Of Your Time With Will Humphreys

I thought I'd bring on a multiple-time guest and my favorite partner, besides my wife, Will Humphreys. It’s good to see you.

It's great to be here.

I wanted to bring you on simply to have a conversation because coaching clients that I'm talking to are usually at some stage now because we're dealing with this Coronavirus, COVID-19. They have downtime. They're dealing with an issue that they've never had to come up against before more than likely. I can't speak from experience. You and I have never went through anything like this as owners. I figured the best I could do, and I've tried to share information about COVID-19 and how to manage it, whether that's financially with Eric Miller or with Andy Sabatier about breathing techniques for people who have respiratory issues when they're sick. From a coaching standpoint, I usually come up against things that people don't have time for and I know they're busy. We're all busy. Now because of this virus, we have some extra time. I thought I'd talked to you about what we can do with our time as owners during this pandemic. First off, your thought on how do you look at this and what would you want to say to PT owners?

This is unprecedented. We don't have a way of having a plan to respond to this. However, trials and difficulties we've all gone through. As people are in this place where they've been used to growing their businesses with typical struggles, things that were hard for sure and overwhelming at times, but still they were moving with the current. Due to no fault of anyone's decision-making, they're swimming against the current. Even though they're doing good things and they're making progression to do the right, the best with what they have, it feels like defeat. Stats are going down. As we all know, production is the basis of morale. If we're not producing, meaning impact in patient's lives, it's hard not to feel defeated.

Now is the time to create your business the way you ideally want it to be. Click To Tweet

From someone who's aware of the many PT owners out there who are struggling, I want to reiterate that they are doing a great job. You are all doing the best you can and it's making an impact. For those of you who are deciding to close your doors because you don't want to spread it, that is a valid decision. For those of you who are keeping your doors open to fight and to serve people and show that you love them, that's a valid choice as well. No matter what you choose right now, you're doing something from a place of love and concern. I know that the impact is making a difference in not just your life, but the people that you're serving. The thing that I want to say first of all to acknowledge everyone's efforts and let them know that what they're doing is making a positive impact even though I know it doesn't feel like that right now.

It's tough because it is something that you want to reiterate. All of this, whatever stage you're in, it's not your fault. You still have some decisions and power. You don't want to lose that. You want to make sure that you have power to make decisions, that you aren't powerless and that you have the ability to affect so many people's lives whether you're shut down, slowed down, whatever that might be. The important thing to do is to remember your purpose. You've alluded to that. Your purpose is to serve the community in one way or another as a PT clinic. Go back to your values and act according to your values. Stay in line with your purpose. Live according to your values. Make decisions that are quick and efficient according to your values and move forward.

If you are going to close, you're going to have some time on your hands. It's time to evaluate things and make decisions. If you're going to stay open, you're going to be busy as well, trying to navigate schedules and whatnot and what's the next update from the CDC, but still follow your purpose, your values and make quick decisions. Probably the most important thing is to stay viable whether your doors are closed or you stay open. Stay viable because this is temporary.

You talked brilliantly about mindset. One of the first things that you see as important is the mindset. I don't think mindset is like I’m getting crapped on and I'm going to call it something other than that. The way I’ve dealt with some of the stressful situations in my life before learning to get through those through the help of others is that we have to remember the importance of staying present. All of our minds are going to the future right now. We all have people in our lives who are higher risk. We're worried about them. We're worried about the impact of the decisions we're making, whether we close or stay open or whatever.

Give yourself permission to not be perfect. Click To Tweet

We're all in that state of worrying and worrying about the what ifs. The what ifs create a bunch of should, “Maybe I shouldn't be doing this. I should be better at that.” When we get should on all over ourselves, we are unable to stay present. Truly, the only thing that's happening right now is tomorrow is nothing. There's nothing wrong with looking at that and having those moments of realization like, “This is a scary thing.” Instead of trying to pretend like it's not there or call it something different, put an arm around it and say, “Everyone's stressed out right now. We're going to get through this together,” and love yourself. Give yourself permission to not be perfect. I hope you hear that it's okay that you don't know exactly what to do and you are in this position for a reason.

What you're doing right now is something that is going to impact so many people. It's not by accident that you are a leader. You're needed more now than ever. The only thing we can do when we finally realize where we are in the present is create. I'm scared of all these different things and I should be doing all these things. That sucks. I'm going to sit with that until it goes away. When that feeling passes, let's get to work. There's opportunity in this. I'm not trying to overly rosy on this, but there's a lot of successful actions. There could be gifts in this, but we have to be present to what we're feeling and realize our power to create imperfectly nonetheless.

We don't have all the answers. I'm not coming at it from a perspective like, “I've been through this before. Here's what you need to do.” Anyone who promotes that, you've got to take with a big grain of salt. What we can do is go back to some of the basics and recognize that an opportunity comes out of situations like this. Eric Miller put it nicely. I'm going to try to summarize it, “Essentially nothing major ever happened out of times when it was super rosy and everything was great. It's usually during problems like this that real leaders step up and difference is made.” It's through the challenges that we grow. As we're talking about the five things that owners could or should do while they were closed down or slowed down significantly, they're going to go through a lot of stuff. They're going to send in all the applications for the loans. They're not going to find out for a couple of weeks if they get that money or not. You're going to have time.

It's time to spend with family, to reconnect, revisit your hobbies. There are some things that as a leader, you have more responsibility. That is to keep your business viable. I want to talk about those five things that owners can do while they are slowed down and/or closed down.

PTO 96 | COVID-19 Lockdown

Deal With The Present

The first thing that you brought up is to deal with the present. Recognize where you're at. Let's get as much certainty around us as possible. What is my new breakeven point? What do I need to do to stay afloat? What's in my bank account? What's in my accounts receivable and what do I have available to me in case of emergency in terms of line of credit, SBA loans, grants, relief act, all that stuff? Gather some certainty around you so that you know where you presently exist. Get some certainty because the last thing you need to do is make decisions out of uncertainty.

A lot of that has to do with dealing with the present, where you are now and stay connected. Network as much as you can possibly, especially with your peers in the profession, APTA, PPS, peer program, mastermind, coaches, consultants. Stay in touch. Do the webinars. There might be a lot of white noise right now but stay connected. The last thing you need to do is isolate in a time like this and think that I'm in this alone because you're not. There's a lot of information out there. There are plenty of resources. That's a little bit of my take on being present. When you say, “We'll be present,” give us a little bit more detail about what you're thinking when you say that.

You started into that beautifully about creating certainty and understanding what your existing reality is because it shifted. If we resist it, we're not going to be able to see opportunities there. What I meant by that is that once emotionally we give ourselves space to let those normal human feelings go through us and we don't attach ourselves to them and we don't resist them, they happen. Once we get to that sense that we can create the leaders, the first thing we need to do is lead ourselves. Being present looks like looking at myself as an individual and take an honest assessment of what I could be doing to lead me as a human being first meaning mind, body, spirit. We all go through the whole diet and exercise thing. This isn't that.

If you hear it wrong, it's going to sound like that. What I'm talking about is are you exercising to hack into your body's own system to access the most optimal way of being physically? If you're spiritual, are you reading the scriptures and praying if that's what you believe in. Are you reading? Are you journaling? All of these things show independent leadership and help sharpen the ax. That story of Abraham Lincoln, you've had two hours to cut down five trees. He'd spend the first hour sharpening the axe or something along those lines because he understands that's where you focus. It doesn't feel like that's where you should be.

It feels like you should be hammering the trees.

As quickly as you can, “Our accounts receivables are going down,” hammer, hammer, hammer. Slow down. Planes are going through turbulence. They don't speed up. They slow down. They take a breath. They honor the environment and that minimizes the impact. They still get where they're going and with a lot less fear. Leadership looks like first leadership of self, second leadership of family. How's your family doing? You can't go find hacks within your company if you have someone who's at risk and isn't getting what they need. Is everyone emotionally okay? That's what leadership looks like. I've taken care of myself, now I'm looking at my family. That's why we do what we do ultimately.

We can look at our business. It's not like I've done myself, checked off my families and now I'm working on my business. We do it on a daily basis. It's routine. Realizing that routine isn't perfect either. We do what we can a little bit more intentionally every day when we're fighting in the ring against an enemy. It's one step at a time, one punch at a time, one round at a time. That's how we stay present. We let those fears come about the future. There's a lot we can talk about in terms of how we can look at our business from the present in terms of assessing the existing accounts receivable.

There are tons of opportunity for people who've always been comfortable but not confident that they're collecting every dollar they should to be able to dive in there at this moment in particular and capture everything that they can. They have time to focus on it as they should. When you talk about what I meant about being present, it's got to be about being a leader first to yourself, then to the family, then to your company, then the industry. Once the car is in motion, that picture will appear. Illusion will come if we stay consistent with manageable efforts. That's it.

Finding purpose is a group effort. Click To Tweet

Managing Your Time Better

That leads to the second point. You alluded to it. I don't know if I even gave it the right title, but consider managing your time better. What I mean by that is make time for the important things like yourself, whether it's journaling, scriptures, prayer, meditation. Use that to your advantage. Focus on yourself, on your family. I always like to refer back to Gary Keller's book, The ONE Thing. Consider what's the one thing that you can do right now in the very present such that by doing it makes everything else easier or unnecessary. Consider the options that you have before you on a day-to-day basis. Even on an hour-to-hour basis or half day-to-half day basis. What's the one thing that I can do within this next hour such that by doing it, everything else becomes easier and unnecessary.

That could be an action. It could be a decision that you make. When I say action, it could be a simple email. It could be a phone call. It could be filling out the loan application. It could be talking to your CPA about that new breakeven point or meeting with him to see how you compare down expenses. It could be giving your wife a hug because that's her love language. Spending a little bit more time with your family or whatnot. Focusing your time in the present that you have on the most important things. I like how it starts with you, the individual and it spreads out to how you affect your family and those immediately around you, then your business and the community. None of those others are going to be affected positively unless you are in a good place. I like The One Thing. It's a good read.

Get A Good Mindset Going

That goes to my third thing, which is get a good mindset going. I always like to refer to the first four chapters of Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill. There's a reason Think and Grow Rich has been around for over a century. It’s one of the more popular self-help books around. The first four chapters help you with mindset. I like Traction by Gino Wickman. It helps with business structure. I like Verne Harnish's Mastering the Rockefeller Habits and Scaling Up. Will and I used all of these in growing our business to where it was. Looking at some of those things to lay the foundation, reread them if you have before or start implementing what they're teaching. It could be good things to do during this period of time to establish the foundation, get the right mindset. Anything that you would recommend in that vein?

Once we're in the motion of serving and helping others, we're fulfilling our purpose. Click To Tweet

Nathan quickly rentals off these books and these groups that we've been through. He's summarizing years, countless hours of in the trenches, building the business that we felt like we were able to master. The other book that I think of is Man's Search for Meaning by Frankl. It’s an incredible book that helps create more of a mindset of why. The why right now is hard to identify through all this chaos. From a microscopic to a global perspective like, “Why are we going through this?” Ultimately, having the right purpose and clarity within. Spending time talking to someone to help you get to that clarity is how you get clear. Finding purpose is a group effort. I know you as a coach would be more than happy to meet with anyone to talk about their purpose. I as well am happy to offer my time to talk to people because clearly understanding why you personally exist on this earth helps motivate. There's a movie I saw that I would like to recommend in terms of mindset. I watched Unbroken.

It's the true story of this man who ran in the Olympics right before World War II. He was in Germany and saw Hitler. His story is unbelievable. This is the type of story that if you watch this, it will inspire you. It's a true story of this wonderful human being who ended up getting shot down in World War II. He got shot. He had to get people dying next to him. I won’t tell the story. When I watched that story, it made me emotional. It’s inspiring to me because that particular day I was in a funk and I was trying to not be in a funk. This let me realize it's okay to be in a funk and I'm going to take it one step at a time. I started producing.

We all know this logically, but we have to emotionally experience it over and over again. It's not until we're in service of others and grateful for what we have that we can let the anxiety and depression go. Once we're in motion of serving and helping others, we're fulfilling our purpose. No matter how our individual purposes differ, we all share one common purpose of helping others. By virtue of being in that service of whoever, I love your analogy of hugging your wife, from a place of like, “I'm doing this because I know she will appreciate it,” or spending a time with your son or having that hard conversation with that employee that you're furloughing because you can't afford to keep them on and you let them know that you care.

What if it's a matter of calling patients? If I can highlight Vicki Buchanan, in Oklahoma, Vicki has this incredible company where her attitude is so inspiring. She has this thing going where she's got her team calling patients to let them know that they're concerned about them and ask if they can serve them. I know she's not alone in that effort. When you hear Vicki talk, there's no fear. This is a woman dedicated to making an impact. It’s like the gift of our situation is that there is no gray anymore. We're either being affected by what's happening or we're tackling it head on. I cannot fall asleep in the middle, go to routine and live life as if it has no greater meaning. The meaning is immediately present to us.

PTO 96 | COVID-19 LockdownI totally believe that when Vicki makes those calls that if someone said, “I'm out of toilet paper,” that she's going to get off the phone and find some toilet paper for that person and get to their house.

I have to highlight you. She was telling me that one of the things that she's been doing is you give some advice in your previous podcasts about doing something for doctors, showing them that you care. She had excess hand sanitizer and she would drop them off at these doctors who are seeing these sick patients with COVID-19. We all know what that means. How funny is it that before, she had dropped off hand sanitizer how that would have been experienced? Now it's like she dropped off a bar of gold that was made out of like, “My love and appreciation for your office.” Her listening to your podcast inspired her to do a little bit more. Her effort with her patients inspired me to do a little bit more. Inspiration, motivation, we need each other as a family.

I like what you said about how these things change us because if we go through an experience like this and we don't come out the other side as different leaders, fathers, husbands, especially we're talking about business leaders. If we don't come out the other side as a different company, especially as we have this opportunity to push the reset button. The pause is more than likely what where we're at right now. If you look at it instead of pause, push reset instead and create the business that you want to fulfill your purpose. All the complaints that you had about the business before this happened, you had an opportunity to correct them all. Write down your biggest headaches and figure out how you can correct.

Prepare For Your Restart

Step number four is prepare for your restart because you're going to start up again. Who do you want to bring back? Pick out the people that are truly aligned with you that agree with your purpose and values and act accordingly. Hire judiciously if that's the right word or bring them back on judiciously. Take an opportunity. If things were scattered and you were the solution man, you've got a lot of time to write down policy and procedures. This is how we do things at XYZ physical therapy from now on. Maximize production as you go forward. If you weren't tracking statistics beforehand, figure out how to track them now and move forward. Consider things have flipped. Eric Miller pointed it out in our interview. It used to be an employee's playground. Now, it's an employer's playground in terms of hiring and recruiting. When people couldn't find a PT or a good front desk person to work for them a month ago, now there are a lot of people that are available. If you can stay afloat and viable and are willing to take advantage of this opportunity, you can find some great people that are out there. Taking this time to not pause but also push the reset and make it the business that you want.

Mindset supersedes actions. Click To Tweet

That's incredibly inspirational for leaders. We've talked a lot about mindset for the first 2 to 3 steps. We're getting into the weeds of like what you can do with the time that's traction. You have to remember mindset supersedes actions. All that first stuff. There are people who were so logical that I've coached in a world that they don't understand that, but it takes an experience of it to understand that the world is so humble. They're open. I started a new medical billing insurance company and I put an ad out to see within 48 hours for a medical biller, I had 528 resumes. I estimated that it would take four weeks for me to have 40 resumes. I had 528 resumes. Many of them are rockstars from other companies. What we're not saying is that like, “The tide has finally shifted. It's about time.” What we're saying is to do two things. I had a couple of actionable things that you can do. The first thing is as an owner, once you get done mitigating the majority of the real heavy shifting. People are in meetings with employees and they're making major structural changes. There will be a point where there's time.

When they take care of themselves and their family and they're feeling like a creator, the first thing to do is to take a personal work assessment to write down every duty that you do. That was a weird way of saying it that I would agree that you function in. You want to highlight the ones that align for you. You want to look at everything that doesn't. You in this space have an opportunity to see the truth that the more time you're spending doing those things, the less your company will grow when it returns to normal. It can only be as great as we tolerate. What are you tolerating right now? Not at work but in life. When it comes to people, once you do an assessment, you realize when we get back, I'm committed to working myself out through outsourcing, training, or hiring of all these things. I'm going to focus on these other areas. Second thing is you talked about simplifying things. There's no greater stress for our PT owner than managing a team when it's not cohesive.

PTO 96 | COVID-19 LockdownOne of the things that we do is doing an A, B, C, D assessment of all of your personnel. We don't talk about staff. Staff is an infection. You have team members. Your team members fall into one of four categories. They're either A, B, C or D players. A-players align with your values and are highly productive. We know who these people are. They're rainmakers. We love to be around them. We're scared if they leave. B-players are highly valued, well-aligned people who aren't producing meaning they aren't able to see as much patient care without being stressed out or they're unable to get through their day without getting a lot of help. We want to train those people to become A-players. C-players are the dangerous ones. They're the cancer. They are highly productive but low value.

They keep these people around because they can produce. They have a lot of patient visits. Their patients love them, but they're always undermining things subtly. We all know who they are. The D players are the ones that we are very obvious that we have to do something about immediately. With anyone, we coach people either up to A or out of the company. We coach them. We serve them. We help them grow. This is the perfect time to ask yourself one key question after you do this, A, B, C, D assessment with all of your employees, including yourself, because this was a shocker.

There have been roles I've had where I've had to fire myself. Would I emphatically re-hire each of these people? Not that would I hire them, “Yeah, I'd hire them. They've got some issue.” No. Would you emphatically we hire them? This is going to esteem for some people. For those of you in partnerships, would you emphatically re-partner with your partner? Would you empathically hire yourself for the job that you're doing? If any of those answers are no and you don't know what to do about it, that's when you have a coaching business. There are people out there in the world like Nathan who are able to support and help you clear on that. This is the best time to do it when you have options, which we typically aren't used to having and what an opportunity to seed the very soil that will precipitate all future growth.

Profitability unlocks possibility. Click To Tweet

Focusing On Profitability

This is an opportunity to get ahead. It's a pause in the business. Most of the people that we're talking to have shut down or closed down or slowed down significantly. It's an opportunity to see that 2021 could be dramatically different from 2019. If you make the effort to make it so in a better way, a way that gives you more freedom, that's more aligned with your purpose, that gives you time to be the person and the leader that you want to be. Generally, in turn, that turns out to be profits as well. It's not all about the money, but goodness gracious, profits help out a lot.

With my new company, that's the biggest thing that I'm focusing on is that profitability unlocks possibility. When we are profitable, and you can be profitable even in times like this, profitable can mean a lot of things, but the bottom line is do you have cash? If we're seeing our cash dwindle, it's scary. There's a reason because that's freedom. Ronald Reagan was quoted saying that freedom is directly tied to profitability and property. He was basically explaining how money isn't why we do what we do, but it creates the space to be able to go create. Our industry has a real issue with money. People are trying to say all the time, “I'm not in it for the money.” My question is what do you want the money for?

If you want that money to do good, you better be in it for the money because money is a tool that gets you to make a bigger impact. Profitability unlocks possibility. It wasn't until we got profitable that we had space to see what impact we wanted to make in the industry. Look at you now. You've had a podcast now for a few years. In a space where there are very few people standing up because they don't have the possibility or time to think about doing what you've created, it took profits to get you there. We don't do that on the backs of our patients. We do that making a change in their lives. Profitability is everything.

I hate it than it is tied to money, but money gives you so much. It gives you freedom. It gives you an ability to develop culture. It gives you the ability to expand and help someone else and pay for training to gain knowledge. That's why we pay money for tuition so we can have an exchange of knowledge, wisdom and all those things. If you get through this situation and take advantage of it, you can be more profitable like 8% to 10% net profit margins is not okay anymore. Entrepreneurs don't go into business to be at 8% to 10% profit margins and work 60 to 80 hours a week, full-time treating patients and running your business on the weekends, not being with your family, not having any hobbies. That's not life.

PTO 96 | COVID-19 LockdownThis has given us an opportunity to reset our priorities, our values and recognize that if I'm going to start up again, I'm going to be maximally productive. I'm going to be profitable. I'm going to be with people that I love and I'm aligned with. I'm going to make a difference based on the purpose that I've established. If you haven't established a personal and business purpose and values aligned with it, then that's the first place you start. You work down the line like we've talked about. It starts with mindset, developing the structure. How do we want to be as a company that eventually ties into your routine? That routine develops into a culture. There are so many things that snowball off of purpose and values first. Eventually, that leads into profits and freedom and that's what we're looking for.

I love that flow how you describe it because that is the process of which freedom is created. Freedom is the goal. It's a lack of being weighed down. I love it when people build their businesses. They go back into treating because they choose to. Those people who have businesses at some point think they want it because they want to focus on treating the way that they want. Ultimately to be able to build it from that place, it takes profits. I'm going to say something a little controversial on purpose because I want to continue this mindset shift while we're open to it. I want physical therapists to start thinking that they should make as much money as they can ethically. I want people to start thinking like that.

There are those few and far between who are completely in it for money. It shows up like not being ethical, but they're not as common as we all perceive. Most people I experienced the fast majority or profits or the national average is 8%. The report that came out shows that average physical therapy, private practice makes 8% net margin. That is unbelievably low. There are 18,000 private practices in our country. Our industry is a $38 billion industry. $16 billion of that are the private practice owners who have between 1 and 5 locations. The average profit margin is 8%. There are so much you can do to improve that. We're so focused on more new patients, hire and tolerate them. If they fog a mirror, maybe we'll improve that over time. Top line growth is all I can do.

There are many other things that can be done. When you get to that profitability stage, that's when you get to create podcasts. In my family's case, we moved to Europe. I took my four boys and we moved to Europe before all this craziness. We spent time talking to healthcare professionals in seventeen countries. My sons got to experience life. It wasn't a vacation. It was heavy at times. We were homeschooling our kids. It was 800-square feet for all six of us. When we came home, the miracle of that experience changed the lives of those four boys forever. I've got four individuals who want to make an impact in the world now in a way that they never could have understood without that. For me, I was able to get some clarity as to what my next steps are in life. All of that is reinvesting in ourselves and profitability is where that freedom is created.

Finding purpose is a group effort. Click To Tweet

There's so much that you've shared and a lot of it simply goes back to laying the foundation. It's getting your mindset, deal with the present as you need to, and start establishing the foundation for the future purpose and values, organize your company and structure. Get into a habit of managing your time and preparing for your restart up now even down to the content of your marketing. When the doors open again, getting agreements together with people that you're going to hire in the future once you start up, all that stuff. Start looking ahead and doing things for your eventual open up, so that you're not behind the curve a few months from now when the doors open and you're like, “I need to start putting things together.”

Put it together now so that you can start off running. That's what I'm hoping people get from this. Look at it as an opportunity to not pause but also reset. Look at the opportunities that you have going forward to create what you want to create. Make as much money as you want to make and do it the way that you want to do it. You've got to be certain about yourself first. Hopefully, people get some value out of this. Will, thanks for your time. I appreciate it. I always love you.

Thank you for the opportunity.

If people want to get in touch with you, how do they do that?

PTO 96 | COVID-19 LockdownThey can email me at In terms of this way of serving people, I'd be happy to talk to you about your personal purpose. I'd be more than happy to do an assessment of your team with you. I know these are all things that you do as well, Nathan. I do have something I've created. When I was in Europe for those six months, I wrote a book called The Family Startup. It was applying these concepts that we've talked about into our home. It’s talking about leadership of self and family. I created this document called The Smarter Start. It is a daily tracking mechanism of your routines. I've got it divided into mind, body, spirit and heart. It’s the whole thing in a routine.

It's about an hour to an hour-and-a-half in a day and it covers everything from meditation and texting your wife that you love her. These kinds of things are done. The compilation is unique. It’s mine, but none of it is something I've created on a single basis. It's something that I’ve been using for the last year. I honed it in Europe. I'd be happy to share that document with whoever would like that as a guide of like, “Where should I start in terms of taking leadership of myself?”

You started doing some medical billing. How much do you want to share about that?

When I came back, I am still associated with Empower Physical Therapy. They're an incredible group. I've been able to create some space to start this company that focuses on medical billing and insurance. It's something that is probably the least attractive part of our job. The way I tell people, it's like there's nothing sexy about medical billing if you're doing that. For me, our journey in particular, there were key people, coaches who helped me understand that no matter how much I know about patient care, it would never make up for what I don't understand about my billing and collecting practices. My ultimate purpose is to create freedom for physical therapists. There are different areas that you have to address, but finance is one of the quickest things you can do. It's the scariest thing for us. We usually outsource it to a company that only goes for low-hanging fruit or we in-house it and we do better.

We have these monstrous headaches that sometimes can bankrupt us. I often work with clients who are comfortable but not confident that they're collecting every dollar they should and they think that outsourcing is a bad solution. Those are the clients I'm attracting. I'm being direct. We're growing pretty well right now. We're able to help entrepreneurs find in their accounts receivable money that's sitting there. When you have a good billing and collecting solution, whether it's in house or outsourced and it's not great, that difference depending on your size is at least tens of thousands of dollars. We've done ten different profitability breakthrough audits with clients. We have found nothing less than tens thousands of dollars that they can go get right now. If you're not sure, call me at free of cost. We can even do an assessment and see what we can show you is obtainable.

PTO 96 | COVID-19 LockdownEspecially if you're in that 8% to 10% net profit margin. Please call Will.

Even if you don’t end up hiring me, let's get you some solutions. You’ve got to get up there. I will say the other part of that is leadership. I'm not trying to duplicate this. I'm being direct that it was the finance piece but there was the leadership training piece. That's where Nathan comes in. We are great partners because we complement each other in the ways that we do. We've crossed over a little bit in what we focus on. Nathan was always this financial guru in our business. He's an incredible person to meet with for leadership training. Having been with him, he coached me for almost an hour before this. I have to say that I'm like uplifted and inspired to go to work. I'm not saying it because I'm on your show. Go to Nathan if you're not sure where to go.

I should share mine, The work that you're going to do is great because 8% to 10% net profit margins is unacceptable. We need to be more focused on our cashflow and our money so that we can make greater influence and differences not only in our lives, but those that we employ in our community and the lives of our employees and team. It dramatically affects people's lives simply by the financial support that you provide. I’m excited to see your growth going forward.

Thank you, Nathan. Thanks for the opportunity to be on this show. This was awesome to be with you.

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About Will Humphreys

PTO 96 | COVID-19 LockdownWill is the CLO and co founder of “Freedom From Billing” and has been a PT for 20 years. He owned a multi locational outpatient practice for 12 years before starting Freedom From Billing with Katie Archibald. He is a father of 4 boys, married for 20 years and a part time comedian. He is passionate about physical therapy, entrepreneurship, and the freedom that is created through profitability.


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PTO 92 | Telehealth PT

The Coronavirus pandemic has become a great test for the healthcare systems we have in place. Facing it head on, the time is here for Telehealth in Physical Therapy. In this episode, Nathan Shields speaks with Daniel Seidler, PT of TelePT Solutions about the benefits of the remote provision of healthcare through technology, especially in this time of the outbreak. A relative expert when it comes to providing TelePT services, Daniel has the answers about what you can do to adapt your PT services online. This is a great episode worth listening for any PT owner, to take advantage of the services you can provide, helping those in need in this most pressing time.


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Telehealth PT And The Coronavirus Pandemic With Daniel Seidler, PT Of TelePT Solutions

This interview is scheduled with Daniel Seidler of TelePT Solutions to talk about Telehealth PT services and how we can use it during this Coronavirus outbreak. There's plenty of information to help you get started at least in providing telehealth PT services. Daniel provides those services through his company, TelePT Solutions. I wanted to rush this episode out considering the current nature of what we're dealing with on this outbreak. Let's get to the interview.


I have Daniel Seidler, Founder, and Owner of TelePT Solutions, a consulting firm to provide telehealth services for physical therapists. He also is a telehealth Physical Therapist himself. He's got a great story that I want to share with everybody. The topic that we're going to cover is rather timely. First off, Daniel, thanks for coming on. I appreciate it.

Thank you, Nathan. I appreciate you having me. We talked and realized that we should record this podcast as soon as possible. You made it happen, so thanks for that.

Thanks for coming on. We want to talk about telehealth services in regards to PT, especially as it's going to affect our services here by the Coronavirus and what's happening. It’s considered a pandemic. Before we get into that a little bit for the benefit of the readers, if you can share a little bit of your professional story and what got you to where you're at this point.

I've been a PT since 1996. I owned a practice in the Bronx in New York for fifteen years. We were acquired by a larger group and I worked for them for three years, MOTION Physical Therapy and helped develop their telehealth practice, the division of telehealth at MOTION. I decided to go out and start my telehealth practice and help other groups to get telehealth off the ground. I never imagined this scenario would arise but either way, the time is here for telehealth for medicine and physical therapy.

I'm sure you couldn't have predicted that a flu pandemic like this would break out and soon after, the need for your services would be almost immediate. It was great to hear that you've gotten established quickly for people who want to get to your website ASAP. What is the website and how can they get in contact with you?

It's That's the best way to reach us. All the other information is on there.

Thanks for sharing your story. Tell us a little bit about Telehealth PT services. Let's start answering some of the general questions that you get from PT owners and providers on a regular basis. 

The first question I usually get is, “Can I do this on my phone? Can I FaceTime or Skype?” The answer to that is no, you need a secure platform. There are plenty of platforms out there that look a lot like Zoom or FaceTime but they secure the communication on both ends to and from the practitioner and the patient. The audio and video can't be stolen and intercepted. It's secure in both directions.

PTO 92 | Telehealth PT
Telehealth PT: People don't love change but this environment changes that a little bit.


Do providers need to find something that's going to be shown to be HIPAA-compliant?

HIPAA-compliant and the platform will require a BAA, which is a Business Associate Agreement.

Between the PT company and the software provider as well, that's pretty easy to get that at Zoom?

There are a bunch of software programs. The ones that are most adapted to PT are, BlueJay and Physitrack, and some of them have exercises built-in. A couple of them were built as home exercise programs. Some of the home exercise programs are adding telehealth to their platforms as well making it easy for PTs to do telehealth.

Do you have to have the patient sign anything different or can you use your typical intake paperwork for this?

It’s very similar. You would have them do your typical intake. Any information that you can get in advance is easiest. The answer to a lot of questions about telehealth is different from every state. Different states have different rules about consent. Consent can be verbal, digital or on a sign on paper, and every state is a little bit different. New York State requires only verbal consent. I'm not sure about Alaska and other States but that information is out there.

Do you get patient consent to do telehealth services?

That’s right.

If people wanted to find out those regulations as it pertains to their state, is there a website that has accumulated that information into one website or do you simply have to go through your own state by-laws.

That's always the best idea to go to your State Practice Act and most States at this point have some verbiage about telehealth. One central resource is CCHPCA, which is the Center for Connected Health Policy. They're based in California. They've done the research and plenty of documentation about the changing telehealth laws and they keep it up-to-date.

Telehealth is an opportunity to spread practitioners’ geographic reach so they can treat patients in other counties and states. Click To Tweet

Are there some states that simply don't allow telehealth services?

In some capacity, every state allows it, not necessarily for PT though. It's

You find the software program that you're going to use, you sign the BAA, you have the patient's consent to do telehealth services. Your treatment is like any other except you can't touch them.

That's the simplest form. If you're an independent PT and let's say you treat a patient in their home or at the gym on a regular basis and you have an ongoing relationship with them as a patient-client relationship but they can't make it to one of their visits. It's as simple as that. You have communication. Say, "I'm going to send you a ping. You click on this link, it will take us both to this conference to this BlueJay page and we'll do a telehealth session." That type of session is going to be you much like when you start most PT visits, "How are you? What's going on in your life? What's happened since the last time I saw you? What feels good and what doesn't?"

The subjective stuff, the conversational, comfortable things that you're going to talk about with a patient. That guides your visit like any other visit. If they need to, they can do a warm-up on their own. Someone who you're seeing on a regular basis via telehealth, may heat up a heating pad and sit with it for fifteen minutes before your telehealth session so that they're ready for you going in. Warm-up depending on if they have some exercise equipment at home, they might ride a bike or do whatever warm-up they might do at the beginning of the session. You can guide them through that or have them prepare to do that before you get on the phone with them or visit them.

What are some of your limitations outside of the manual when you can't get yours on them? What do you find is the most difficult thing in treating patients over the phone or through the software?

It depends on the patient and their set-up. I've found that most patients are doing their sessions with a phone. They have to have a good place to put that phone. When you're in front of somebody, you can see their whole body like three feet away from you. With a phone, it's a little bit different. Different accommodations work. You can use speakerphone with some patients in some situations. I always find that wireless earbuds are the best thing for the patient to be wearing so that they can move without a wire. They can hear you, you can hear them.

AirPods are ideal or something similar to that. That one challenge is having a visual and see the patient. The patient might think, "You have to see my arm move." You want to see their whole torso move. You might want to see how the trunk is moving well or even if they're bending their knees as they try to reach overhead or whatever it may be. That can be a challenge. Technology is always a challenge. It seems, for us, as the practitioner who's become used to using the software and it's very simple for me. On the other side, it takes some understanding from the patient.

Especially for those who are not technologically competent, I'm sure that's got to be difficult sometimes.

You've been on the phone with somebody who can't quite figure out how to use their phone. A phone conversation sometimes can be tough.

Do you usually share some of these things with them ahead of time like, “Here’s what is going to make our telehealth visits most successful? Make sure you have wireless earbuds, have your phone set up at a distance where I can see your whole body or you have a telephone stand if you're using one.” Do you list some of those things out for them?

I have a checklist for the patient and practitioners. The other complication or challenge can always be the Wi-Fi or the connection. That depends, sometimes it's perfect. Other times, it's all over the place. You do have to have a contingency plan. You have to have a backup, “If we get disconnected, we're going to reconnect like this, I'll call you, I'll ping you back,” or whatever is going to work for that situation.

You treat as much as you can over the software program. Do you bill as if you had seen them in person with the same CPT codes and time services and all that kind of stuff? 

That’s right. Typically, Medicare does not pay for telehealth services for PT.

We can't expect to get anything from our Medicare patients, unfortunately. These are the people that might be home down more than the others during this outbreak.

I have reached out to people I know who were in Washington who might have the ear of the government to get some accommodations on that. At this point, we all know someone in their 60s, 70s or 80s who is reluctant to go outside and probably is not attending PT right now even if they need it. It's important that those services get covered.

There are lobbyists out there that are pushing for it. If there was a way for physical therapists to do some footwork at the grassroots level to push a little bit, is there any way they can do that? 

I wish I had a solid answer. The best thing to do is to speak with the APTA and to your local representatives, whether it's local reps or federal government. It's the federal government because it's Medicare. I don't know if it's on their radar right now or not but I would think it has to be.

If some of these PT owners could flood the APTA who have lobbyists set already too, "We need to push Medicare somehow to continue to provide these services to the patients that are home-bound during the pandemic." That would be huge, I would imagine.

You would ask about billing and coding.

The billing and coding and then to follow up, since we're talking about Medicare, after you're talking about CPT codes and what insurances do pay for and who can we focus on?

It's different by state. I have found in New York that most of the commercial payers are paying, most Medicaid does cover all teleservices and managed Medicaid. I'm not sure that every state has the same arrangement but administrators of Medicaid.

It’s a matter of the owners simply need to sit down and start calling.

Speak with your payers and make sure you speak with the right person. Sometimes that first rep that you get on the call has no idea what telehealth is. They don't know. They don't see it right in front of them and they're not sure. A supervisor is your best bet.

With your consulting firm, have you made some of those calls on the behalf of some of your clients in different States or do you have some of that footwork already prepared?

I've only covered New York as far as that goes with the clients, but I've gotten some feedback from people in some other states that are telling me mixed things. Some payers are paying, some are not.

PTO 92 | Telehealth PT
Telehealth PT: This is another opportunity for us to speak for our profession and say we do so much more about education.


It's up to the individual PT owners to get someone to start making those calls.

As you alluded to, that is part of what we do. If someone does need assistance for that, we're definitely on board. I can be very helpful. I assisted in a lot of calls in New York so I know the conversation.

It’s good to hear that people can reach out to you. It's the person that you talked to, the verbiage that you use, don't take the first answer as the truth as these people are making the call and looking through your contracts and getting that figured out. In terms of billing and coding then, it's the same CPT codes, but there's a modifier.

Most are asking for the modified GT for telehealth and many require that you change the place of service to 02. For outpatient PT or outpatient services, typically is eleven. It's one of those things that's defaulted in most CMRs. Most practitioners have no idea that it even goes in. When you submit a claim, the number eleven goes to the payer. That field needs to be filled with a 02 to indicate that it’s telehealth.

As you've done some of the billing, are you getting denials initially and there have to appeals or are they easy and good about paying considering the modifier and the place of service?

I haven't seen any denials. I and my clients haven't taken too many chances yet. We've gone for the ones that we know will pay. I'm at that point right now where there's more and more demand. Patients want services and we’re going to give you a shot with other payers.

What do you find as you're doing some of this consulting? What are some of the hurdles that you have to prepare the owners for and those coming up against that you have to address?

Part of it is practitioner buy-in. For some PTs, it's completely something new. People don't love change but this environment changes that a little bit. It changes people's mindset a little bit. People are in survival mode and realize that they want to work, they want to reach out to their patients, that patients need the care. They're not going to get it otherwise. It's been a challenge but I suspect that might change. If a PT is sitting around with no patients, they would want to make contact with that patient.

They’ll get some buy-in pretty quick then.

It’s similar on the other side where some patients are very eager to do telehealth because it's so convenient. It's easy but others are not. I always say it's not for every patient, not for every visit but situations change things.

Can PTAs do these in calls?

It depends on the state. In New York, the best answer I've gotten is no. I'm unsure, to be honest with you. I'm hedging a little bit, but we're going with no in New York right now.

That would be up to the owners to call the insurance companies and ask that specific question, I'm assuming.

It's based on the contract. Its two different things. You do have to follow the state law and your State Practice Act and you do have to follow the reimbursement rules or laws from your insurance company if you expect to get paid. We do have clients who do all cash so they only have to follow the state law that they're in. There is no concern for what the payors at. We haven't talked about it yet but another thing to follow is a lot of practitioners now in telehealth recognize it. It's an opportunity to spread their geographic reach so they can treat patients in other counties and states. You do have to be licensed in the state that the patient lives in order to treat there.

You could live in Washington and do a telehealth call to Alaska if you have an Alaska PT license. You can't do a telehealth call to Alaska if you only have a Washington license.

To add to that, there is what's called the PT Compact. The compact is an agreement with, I believe it's eighteen states at this point where if you're licensed in one of those eighteen states, you can get the right to treat in one of the other compact states. Without getting a full-blown license, you can still treat those other states.

Do you have to go through a process in order to get that right?

Each state in the compact has its own process, whether it pays a fee or pass the jurisprudence tests or get approval from your state. Every state is different.

How can we find out about the PT compact from the states involved?


Is that PT compact only for telehealth services? 

I don't think so. I believe it's the right to treat in any state in the compact.

If you live near the border, you could cross state lines and do a home health visit in another state?

I'm sure that's how it started and telehealth got the ball rolling in further.

To back up a little bit, if someone's billing for some of these services, it's the CPT code and the GT modifier on top of the other modifiers that they're using. Whether you go 1st, 2nd or 3rd, it doesn’t matter.

I haven't heard that it matters. You're going to be billing and my experience thus far has been billing for an evaluation, if you do one or re-evaluation, it’s 97161. If you are billing for therapeutic exercise, that's 97110. Neuromuscular re-ed, it’s 97112. Therapeutic activity, that's in 97530. It's limited to that. You could get into 97535 or 97537, I believe it is. It's a functional activity like home activities. Reorient the community, that's community reorientation.

What are some of the difficulties than from the patient side? What are some of their complaints as they're going through this? Is it either they like it or they don't or do you hear some of the same concerns? 

I don't know if they can't stand the sound of my voice in their ears. They don't like how they look on camera. That is one. Some people are very uncomfortable doing video calls which I get it. You get past that quickly. The biggest thing is you're not getting that physical touch. I encourage people to use foam rollers, physio balls, get some of their own home equipment because as we know as PTs, they should be doing home exercises anyway. They should be managing their chronic pain. This is a great way to get them off on the right foot.

How is compliance? Do you have a cancel rate or a no-show rate?

I'm pretty persistent. My patient's schedule is not that packed. I'll find a time for most patients to get in on that day. That is a good thing, meaning flexibility. If someone can't do their 10:00, you don't want to make an open schedule then you'll have that. If someone can’t make their 10:00, they can see you at 2:00 and make that work because you're there and it's at their convenience. I try to make it that way.

Your documentation is no different than when you see them in-house?

That's true. You want to document that you're doing a visit by telehealth secure remote video call.

Where do you put that? Somewhere in the objective?

It doesn't matter, as long as it's on there.

You use the same EMR system. You use this software program with a BAA and it’s HIPAA-compliant. You do the same therapy that you would without the manual. Your billing is the same CPT codes with an additional modifier and a place of service is changed. Make sure you're dealing with the right insurance companies.

I like to take advantage of the fact that we work in the patient's home or at their office. There's the opportunity to do an ergonomic assessment of their desk. There's an opportunity to have them put some plates into a cabinet, do some functional activities, how difficult to open a door or go to a window or something like that. I haven't done any of these treatments of patients with vestibular issues, but I had a very long conversation with someone who does. She makes sure that the patient is in a very safe environment. For her vestibular patients, she does their sessions with them standing in a corner. Nothing else around. They put the phone on a nice platform where it can video them while they're doing their program while they're standing in the corner so that they have something to grab onto at all times.

Back pain heals because patients understand what's going on with them better. Click To Tweet

How does marketing go? Are the doctors receptive to some of this especially now, I'd assume they are more receptive? What is your response from the physicians?

The real answer is everybody's first response is how you can do physical therapy if you can't touch the person. I've always believed that that's a perception of what PT is a problem. Many people still think it's massage and hamstring stretching. That's a problem within our profession. I've addressed that forever and I continue to address it. This is another opportunity for us to speak for our profession and say we do so much more about education. Back pain heals because patients understand what's going on with them better. That's how people get better. That's a lot of it. Once that conversation happens in the right tone and manner, most people tend to be a lot more receptive.

You get referrals directly from physicians to specifically provide telehealth PT services.

I have not marketed it in that way. I haven't pushed it hard in that way but I suspect that it will start happening very soon and not just for me but across the board.

Have you marketed directly to a consumer and gotten patients? How do you get most of your patients this time? You have direct access in marketing your telehealth services directly to the consumer and they're calling you up and starting the therapy.

They either hit on the website or calling. I have some other online referral sources that refer directly to me. I have not made a big push on social media yet. There are regulations.

Advertising for pain relief and that kind of stuff.

Particularly in New York is tough about that. My methodology has always been when I had a brick and mortar practice was we'd put information out there. It's about being a source of information showing you professional knowledge, people respect that and want to learn more from you.

What is your website? How can people reach out to you?

What I'm getting from this is number one, it's not as hard as people might expect it to be. The ins and outs and intricacies are a place where someone like you could help out quite a bit as a consultant and getting this branch or this section of their PT practice off the ground. I'm thinking, not for this pandemic but also snow days. Like here in Alaska, I'm thinking it would be great if you could offer this service to people who live out in the bush that simply don't want to live near other people and don't want to drive two hours for PT three times a week. There are opportunities there for sure, for people to provide those services. It's time that you established your business to help people out like this.

Thank you and I'm looking at this. This is an impetus to get telehealth into the mainstream. I don't think it's a fad or it's something that's going to go away when this pandemic is gone. It might be the thing that makes people comfortable with it. Look at where demographics are going and how people are working now. A lot more people are working from home and recognizing that they can access stores and food via the internet right from the comfort of their homes. It's not every patient or visit, but if you have a total knee replacement and you're expected to go to physical therapy three times a week, maybe you’d go into the office twice a week and the third visit, you do via telehealth. It's convenient.

PTO 92 | Telehealth PT
Telehealth PT: There are plenty of opportunities out there and plenty of ways for us to reach out to patients and our patients to reach us.


Even more simply, what about the mother or father that has a child sick at home and they can't leave? Instead of canceling that visit to the out-patient facility, they do their services over the internet. It can be so great. If a patient cancels, no shows or if there's a drop in a provider's schedule, they can make some of those calls to people who couldn't make it and say, “Let's do it right now if you've got time.” There's an opportunity.

Different groups are looking to do exactly what you said in different ways. Some will have the same PT treat that patient later in the day. If that patient doesn't have so much flexibility in their schedule, they might have someone who only does telehealth visits. They might even outsource to a particular group or PT that never comes into their office and just does their coverage work for those next visits. There are plenty of opportunities out there and plenty of ways for us to reach out to patients and our patients to reach us. That's what this is about.

At this point, the important thing is to make sure providers recognize that this is an option, that there are people like you out there that can help them. Lastly, they need to push at the federal level to make sure these telehealth services are covered. Is there anything else you want to share, Daniel?

Be safe out there. It's crazy times. We'll all get through this. Telehealth and other services like this are ways for us to be smart and handle a challenging situation. Going forward, it will be something a lot more fun for us to do.

Telehealth and other services like this are ways for us to be smart and handle a challenging situation. Click To Tweet

Out of every challenge comes an opportunity. Thanks for your time, Daniel. I appreciate you reaching out.

Thank you, Nathan.

It was timely that you did so. I'm glad that we're putting this out.

I appreciate it. I'll be in touch again soon.


Important Links:

About Daniel Seidler

PTO 92 | Telehealth PT

Daniel Seidler, PT, MS
Daniel is an experienced Physical Therapist, healthcare innovator, entrepreneur and executive. He grew his practice in the Bronx, NY to three successful locations before being acquired by a regional multi-site group. Daniel  developed and launched the company's telehealth program in early 2019.

Daniel's passion for PT and desire to dramatically improve care delivery models inspired him to formalize his telehealth PT education programs and offer them through TelePT Solutions.

Daniel now treats remotely, coaches PTs to be telehealth specialists and consults owners on building successful telehealth practices.


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PTO 80 | Owning Versus Leasing


Many PT owners find themselves asking the ongoing question of whether or not to lease or own their own clinic space. Taking it upon himself to help you out of this dilemma, host, Nathan Shields, brings over to the show Colin Carr. Colin is a commercial real estate expert who works specifically with healthcare providers to help them answer questions about real estate—ownership, leasing, negotiating, etc. It's an invaluable episode for any clinic owner who is looking to manage his finances optimally. There is tremendous value and savings to be had if you handle things the right way and with help! Don’t try to do it on your own.  Build a relationship with a great real estate agent to guide you through the process. From Nathan’s personal experience, they are worth their weight in gold!


Listen to the podcast here:

Owning Versus Leasing Your Office Space With Colin Carr

I decided to bring on a commercial real estate expert. Many times, the conversation comes up in regards to owning versus leasing your space, the benefits and the pros and cons. How can I renegotiate my lease? When can I do that? We get into all that in my interview with Colin. When I look back at it, you can save tens, if not hundreds, of thousands of dollars over the course of your clinic life-cycle if you negotiate and do what's best for your clinic early on with the help of a professional. If there's one key takeaway that I want you to get that I got out of this interview, it's important to have a commercial real estate agent that knows their stuff on your side so they can help and guide you. Doing it all on your own isn't worth it. You can save a lot of money if you get a professional to help you. I've asked him all those questions and then some on the interview.


I have Colin Carr, Founder and CEO of CARR, a commercial real estate firm that specializes in representing healthcare providers. It's an ongoing conversation amongst physical therapy owners that I've seen amongst my network and also in my social media networks about what are the pros and cons of owning versus leasing your space in which your clinic resides. I thought it'd be great to have a real estate expert on hand. Thank you, Colin, for coming on the show.

I appreciate it. Thank you.

I usually get into the physical therapists that I interview about their professional story and what got them to where they are. I'd love to hear your story a little bit. What got you to where you are in commercial real estate specifically helping healthcare providers and what makes you an expert in the field? Do you mind sharing your professional story?

I've got a pretty streamlined story. I've been in real estate since nineteen years old. I started managing apartment complexes when I was nineteen. I lived in Michigan and worked for a couple of investors that own some larger communities. I moved to Colorado in my early twenties. I kept managing apartment complexes. I switched from property management into brokerage when I was about 23. The initial person I worked with was a senior broker that did a lot of tenant representation for large retailers like Walmart, Wendy's, Blockbuster and people like that. I worked for him for a couple of years and got some good exposure to the large national retail world of real estate. I switched to an international firm after that. I worked there for about five years and got exposed to office, industrial land and lots of other types of commercial real estate.

Over the course of those seven-plus years between those two firms, I had the privilege of working for a handful of healthcare providers, especially towards the latter end of me being with a larger international firm. I realized quickly that there were a lot of brokers that were trying to work in the healthcare space on the landlord and seller side working for the large medical office building owners or large hospital systems that virtually no one was working on the tenant and buyer side. I noticed that the number of healthcare providers that were good at what they did clinically or medically but didn't have a strong foundation on the business side of the business savvy, was high. I quickly find a niche there.

There's an opportunity cost of your time to be invested outside of your core focus. Click To Tweet

I had a couple of experiences too that opened my eyes to the need to specialize in healthcare. One of those was when I was first getting started, I did a lot of landlord and seller work. I'd get a phone call and they say, “I'm a dentist or I'm a physical therapist or I'm a physician and I need to move or open a new office.” They'd start asking me questions. 90% of the phone calls that I got from healthcare providers didn't have representation.

It was a combination of seeing the need and also realizing what was happening to the healthcare providers that were not represented. I have one story specifically that triggered this for me. This was one of the catalysts for me in starting our company, CARR and focusing on the healthcare provider side. I had a large medical landlord, publicly-traded landlord. I had a couple of class-A medical office buildings and we did the leasing for that group. We had a lease for NOLs coming up for a plastic surgeon. I got on the phone with the asset manager who was several states away and he said, “Let's talk about the upcoming lease for NOLs.” We start talking about one group. He asked me a couple of questions. He said, “Does Doctor so-and-so have a broker?” I said, “No.” He said, “Does he know the market?” I answered, “No.” He said, “Do you think he’s willing to move?” I said, “Based upon what I can tell, no.” He was paying around $27 a square foot. The landlord said, “Let's go back at $29 or $30 a square foot.”

It’s like, “Let's take advantage of this guy.”

The indicators were, does he know the market? Is he willing to move? Is he educated? The answers were all no. We adjust on a new lease in a building with a doctor that was represented and that lease got done at around $24 a square foot. I asked him, “He's already paying $27. He's already $3 a foot above the last lease we did, $29 or $30, it seems a little egregious.” His response to me was literally, “Get it done,” then he hung up the phone. I got off the phone. I sat there for a second. This isn't anything new. I've been around the real estate at this point for over a decade, but that was a defining moment for me where it clicked. I realized, if a healthcare provider doesn't have representation, they're going to get taken advantage of at the highest level by the landlords because that's what they do.

Before anyone gets too mad at landlords, you got to stop and ask yourself the same question. If you own a house and you're going to sell the house and the house was worth $400,000, but your real estate agents said, “I think we could get $500,000 if we market it a certain way.” Even though it's worth $4,000, your response would be, “Let's get $500,000.” The landlord's mindset is, “If we have unsophisticated tenants that aren't willing to move or can't move or don't want to move, they don't know the market or they miss the proper timeframe to negotiate, it's too late and they're backed into a corner, they're going to capitalize on that.” The combination of me seeing these different things, I saw an opportunity there to specialize in a specific niche of representing tenants and buyers. In 2009, we launched our company. We're now in a place where we represent a couple of thousand healthcare providers per year. I believe we're making a huge impact.

PTO 80 | Owning Versus Leasing
Owning Versus Leasing: The time it takes to learn the market, understand the process, and be able to put together the correct posture and set the table for the negotiation is very time-consuming.


First of all, congratulations. You've got a great story and you're filling a definite need in a particular niche. From my perspective, I can't emphasize enough the value that my commercial real estate agent has had for me over the years. I've had the same guy, Tanner Milne, down with Menlo Group in Phoenix. He has guided me and instructed me on not only real estate purchases, but potential places where I would move to and see if the numbers worked out or not. He talked me through it. He'd spend time on the phone with me. He would bring me different pro formas of real estate places that I could move to, purchase or also consider the lease agreements and go back and forth. He’s instructing me because we don't have that instruction. We're professionals, but we don't have the language down. We don't know the ins and outs of real estate. I can vouch for the need for having a professional commercial real estate agent on your side to guide you and direct you, especially one that's good at communication. It’s exactly what you're talking about and to emphasize the point, it's valuable for owners to have a realtor on their side that knows the ins and outs of commercial real estate.

A lot of times, it's a matter of how much time do you have to devote to a certain area. If you look at the average transaction, it takes 30 to 40 hours and certainly, you can do a deal faster than that. Other deals can take longer. There's an opportunity cost of your time being invested outside of your core focus. The time it takes to learn the market, to understand the process and then to be able to put together the correct posture and to set the table for the negotiation is time-consuming. It takes a specific skillset.

To get to a little bit of what we were talking about initially and the conversation that tends to go on, what are some of the benefits of owning the space versus leasing?

We get asked that a little on a daily basis. Does it make more sense to own or lease? There are a handful of variables that we need to go through before we get to that decision for each person. Let me start by giving a couple of disclaimers. Every market is different. If you're in downtown Manhattan versus rural Nebraska, it's going to be a different market. There are different factors playing there. One of the things that we let every person know when they ask that question is we tell them, “We should look at all your options.” We should look at options to lease. We should look at options to purchase. We should look at options that are high visibility retail if they're available. We should look at options that are in an office building as well because there are pros and cons to every opportunity. There's no one size fits all.

We're a big fan of no matter if you lease for twenty years and you're only going to practice for another five years and you think owning doesn't make sense, I would encourage you, it does make sense to still look at your options. If you found an opportunity to purchase where the effective cost of ownership would be less than it would be to lease after you bought a building and paid for your build-out, even if you're going to practice for five more years, if you’re going to sell that practice, you could then write a lease for ten years. You can have that tenant pay down the principal and have a profitability string pick-up from some nice tax deductions. Step number one or pro-tip number one is you should always look at all your options.

Number two, when you're looking at options to purchase versus lease, there are three places that we like to look at a purchase from an economic standpoint. The first portion or the first perspective is what does the monthly payment look like in leasing versus owning from a cashflow standpoint? If I have a chance to lease and it would cost me $5,000 a month and I have a chance to own and it would cost me $5,000 a month, there's no detriment to the purchase from that standpoint. It's the same monthly payments and the same cashflow. That's a great first place to start. Sometimes you look at a purchase and the lease option might be $5,000 a month and the purchase is $9,000 a month. People say immediately, “That's way too much. That doesn't make sense,” but that's not the full evaluation.

You need to go to the second step, which is what does it look like after-tax deductions? When you get into tax deductions, we'll try to keep this at a high level, but just to give you some talking points. You got some additional tax deductions that don't happen on a lease that does happen when you purchase. For instance, you get to depreciate the asset over 39 years. If it's a commercial property, that's over 39 years. You subtract the value of the land from the purchase price and you get to write off a portion of that through depreciation. You create additional tax deductions that don't happen when you lease that happen when you purchase. You've got to factor in all the tax deductions that you get when you purchase. There are additional write-offs like the mortgage interest and stuff like that.

You could have a situation where maybe it costs $5,000 a month to lease and $9,000 a month to own, but the effect of the cost could be several thousand dollars less now because you're going to pay less in taxes. You might pay more in your mortgage payment, but you're going to pay less in taxes to the government. That $9,000 payment versus a $5,000 lease, there's a $4,000 delta. It’ll shrink down to $2,000 or less once you look at the tax deductions because you're going to need to pay more to the government or you’re going to pay more to a lender or other operating costs of the property. The second area is what does it look like effectively to lease versus own after-tax deductions.

The third area we would like to look at is what is the principal pay down? Every month you cut a check on that mortgage, a portion of that goes to satisfy the principal in that loan. That essentially is the equity you're building. That becomes a forced savings account. If every month you cut a check for $9,000 and depending on the length of the loan, whether it's 20, 25 years, whatever it is, depending on the interest rate, $2,000, $3,000 a month might go to pay down the principal. That $9,000 payment could end up costing you less per month than a $5,000 lease payment, once you filter it through tax deductions, principal pay down and other areas.

Our recommendation is to look at everything available. Look at options to lease. Look at options to purchase. Look at office and retail. Look at properties that are outside of your initial target as far as what you thought made sense. What it comes down to is you've got to run the economics on them. A lot of times you'll find that properties you thought were too expensive are not once you factor in those variables. At the end of the day, it comes down to what's the best property for your practice? What's going to help you to be the most successful and have the highest level of production? You then have to make a personal decision at that point of is it worth paying a little more to purchase. If that's the case or if the purchases last and if they're the top property, it's a no-brainer.

PTO 80 | Owning Versus Leasing
Owning Versus Leasing: If you find a broker that specializes in tenant-buyer rep and has healthcare experience, you're going to be in good shape.


Some people get scared away regarding, “If I own it, then I've got to do the maintenance on it? It becomes a liability and not an asset. What if the parking lot needs to be repaved or I need to put on a new roof?” How do you address some of those concerns?

Depending on the type of property, it is going to determine what type of management you're going to be responsible for? There are a lot of opportunities to own standalone buildings where maybe you're the only owner and you’ve taken all the responsibility. You have to decide, are you going to handle that yourself? Are you going to hire a professional property management firm that handles those responsibilities? You could be in an office condo situation where you own a space in a building as you would in a residential condo, but it's commercial. In those cases, the majority of those have professional property management. They're going to have people that are bidding out the parking lot maintenance, the snow removal, the landscaping and the janitorial companies. They're helping you get the best vendors in place and make sure that the prices are competitive.

How much time you invest in that process is determined by who's managing it. When it comes to concerns about capital expenses are going to be higher like if I had to replace a parking lot or roof, you have to run profitable investment and you've got to have reserve accounts. It’s like your own personal finances. You've got to have a savings account, which is usually a reserve account for your property. You've got to contribute to it monthly. You do have to be prepared because it could cost $30,000 to change out an HVAC system or a new roof could cost whatever it is.

There are pros and cons to every opportunity. There's no one size fits all. Click To Tweet

You’ve got to have that rainy-day fund.

Professionally-run office condo projects typically have large reserves and they're constantly contributing to them. They have an operating account and a reserve account. You've got to make sure that you have money set aside for those improvements because you will have to put money into the property like you have to put money into a house. There's no way around it.

You tend to pay HOA or Homeowners Association fees or property management fees in order to have that type of security so that someone else is taking care of those situations. That's only in the office condo situation, I'm assuming.

Our company owns an office condo. We own about a 4,000-foot space for one of our offices. That is a larger property. It's about a 60,000-foot project. We have an operating account that has about $100,000 in it at all times and it has about $200,000 in it from a reserve standpoint. We're constantly building that reserve account up. You have large capital expenditures that pull it down and you keep putting money back into that. If you find yourself in a situation where you're the only owner of a stand-alone building or maybe it's a two or three-tenant building and you occupy one space and lease out a couple of others, you have to take a portion of the cashflow per month and set it into an account that you don't touch that built up over time. Everyone has a different opinion on what that should be. The goal is to get that account up to where minor capital improvements will be covered easily if you needed it. If you had a larger capital improvement, hopefully, you have enough money to recover.

If you have an owner say his lease is coming up in 6 months, a year or 2 years, walk me through the process. How soon do you recommend an owner a reach out to a commercial real estate agent? How much time do you give it? When do you start the negotiations process? Walk us through your typical protocol for someone who's coming up on the end of the lease.

The timing is important. If you start too early, you're going to have no posture. If you start trying to negotiate with a landlord two years in advance, they're not going to hold a space for you in the market that far. If you try to negotiate a legal lease renewal, your current landlord doesn't have a risk of losing you for two years. They're not going to be motivated to put their best foot forward either because it's too far advanced. The flip side of that coin is if you wait until your lease is up in 2 or 3 months, the landlord is going to assume that you have not been paying attention, that you haven't hired representation, you don't know what you're doing. They're going to assume that you're coming with a bluff or barter of, “Can you give me a better deal?” The answer usually is no. The right timeframe typically is 12 to 18 months out.

You could always contact a broker in advance, whether it's 2 years out, 3 years out. They should give you a market analysis and tell you where you're at compared to the market. They should tell you what your options are and start that relationship. It's never too early to start a relationship with a broker. A good broker though won't start the actual process until the target window. If you said, “I want to buy a piece of ground and I want to build my own building,” that is a solid 18-month process in most jurisdictions. You can get it done faster in certain areas. The more densely populated the area and the more growth the area is experiencing, you're looking at about an 18-month process. Some rural areas are maybe closer to twelve. If you're going to buy a piece of ground and build your own building, you've got to start that about eighteen months in advance to be safe.

If you are doing a traditional, “I'm going to go lease a space. I'm going to renew my current lease. I'm going to go buy an existing building,” a lot of times you want to start talking to your broker on eighteen months to get a game plan. If you rule out buying land and building venue, then you will wait until you're around that twelve-month window, and then at that point is the ideal time to start. That gives you that 4 to 5-month window to see the market, negotiate and make a deal and still have that 5 to 7-month timeframe to build out a new space if that's what you decided to do. Physical therapists have the benefit that typically if it's a more streamlined build-out. It takes a similarity to a traditional office space a lot of times. You're not running plumbing lines or oxygen or stuff like that. You don't have quite as much build-out as maybe a dentist does or a veterinarian. You can get away with a few months of the timeframe, but the ideal posture or the ideal process is about twelve months in advance.

If a physical therapy owner is in the middle of a 5 or 7-year lease and there are only 2 to 3 years into it, do they have any leverage at that point to renegotiate different parts of their lease?

Typically not. Most leases are going to require the tenant to sign a personal guarantee. That's a negotiable deal point. The larger you get, the more number of offices you have, the higher revenues you can try to minimize or eliminate it. If you're doing a lease renewal and you paid faithfully for at least a term or two before, it's possible to get that to go away. As a whole, most leases have a personal guarantee. If you're trying to break a lease, you'd be held liable. If you’re coming from the angle of, “Can we renegotiate?” If the landlord already knows that you're locked into a lease for the next 4 or 5 years, without you trying to break a lease or doing something else that you can't get out of it and you have to pay them that amount of money, they're rarely willing to negotiate and voluntarily reduce your rent or give you concessions. That's literally them giving you a benevolence check or discount.

In order to set ourselves up better, what are some negotiation tactics when you are negotiating a lease? How does an owner know if they have a good commercial real estate agent? Are there some negotiating tactics or things that good commercial real estate agent will focus on in order to get the tenant the best lease possible?

Let me give you a couple of things that you want to be looking for when you're trying to find a good real estate agent, when you're interviewing them, etc. The first thing you want to figure out is, do they have the skillset to represent you? What I mean by that is a lot of real estate brokers focus primarily on the landlord side of the transaction. They'll do tenant-buyer rep, but they don't do much of it. One of the first questions you want to ask them is how many tenants or buyers do you represent on an annual basis? What portion of your business is tenant representation versus landlord representation? What you're going to find is the majority of brokers are going to be 80%, 90% or higher on the landlord side.

The challenge of that is number one, you're not going to be a priority as a tenant to them. Number two, every time they go out and look at or talk to a landlord, they're looking for the next listing because they're looking to feed their primary business, which is landlord rep. You're not going to find those brokers that typically will get as aggressive as you'd want them to be in helping you get the best terms possible. You want to start with finding someone who has a strong focus on the tenant side or the buyer side. That is a rare skillset, but there are good brokers out there that have that.

The next thing you want to ask them is what their experience is working with healthcare. Ideally, you're trying to find somebody who has healthcare experience and not somebody who thinks that you're another office user or a restaurant because you're not. There are different criteria for healthcare. There are different nuances. If you find a broker that specializes in tenant-buyer rep and then find a broker that has healthcare experience, you're going to be in good shape. A lot of times people will say, “How do I find that?” One of the best ways is to call people that are well-ingrained in your industry that know who the main players are and then ask them for referrals. Call the lenders, the merchandise reps, the CPAs, call the people that focus in your world and say, “Do you know of any good real estate brokers that specialize in healthcare and tenant-buyer rep?” Typically, if you call a handful of people, you're going to get the same names or you're going to get a couple of good leads to go after and start the process. That's how you would start to find a good broker. I could get into a couple of other details as far as the tone to have the right negotiation as well.

PTO 80 | Owning Versus Leasing
Owning Versus Leasing: The number one place that commercial real estate brokers look bad or give the industry a bad name is they don't communicate. They get busy with what they're doing.


You find a commercial real estate agent, what would you expect them to be doing for you? Is it much different than residential property? What can you expect from them?

The difference between residential and commercial is that with the invention of some of the online databases in residential, you can do so much window shopping from your living room or from your computer, iPad or the phone. In a commercial, that's a lot harder to do because the databases are not the same. There are not typically the visual pictures in commercial as there is in residential. There are also a lot of properties that aren't put into the databases depending on the market you're in. Some markets have a lot of information database, some markets have virtually none. Some markets there are multiple databases, but you have to subscribe to get access. A good real estate broker that you've pre-qualified has the criteria to represent you, tenant-buyer rep and healthcare experience, preferably. The next couple of things you're looking for is you want to make sure that these people are going to make you a priority and they're going to have a high level of communications.

That's the number one place that commercial real estate brokers look bad or give the industry a bad name is they don't communicate. They get busy with what they're doing. You need to emphasize upfront that you're looking for a high level of communication, a high touch and that you want to know you're a priority. You need to be convinced that person's going to make you a priority. It's easy for somebody to pitch you and tell you they're going to do a great job and then not perform. How many industries fall into these criteria? “Here's why I'll do a great job for you,” then they fall apart the second they get hired. Being convinced that the person's going to do a good job for you through the entire process is important.

I think communication is huge. Whether it's your realtor or your CPA, they've got to be able to respond to my emails in a timely manner or it doesn't work.

You find that across the board. It's easy to tell people why you’re great and how you do a great job. You need to make sure that you're convinced the person's going to follow through the entire process. One way you can do that is you can ask for references. Ask them for testimonials, “Can I have a list of the last 5 or 10 healthcare providers you worked with and can I call them?” Doing something like that, you're going to find out quickly who is living that industry and who knows it in and out or who's trying to do a deal here and there and doesn't have the expertise or the timeframe to help you.

What are some of the mistakes that healthcare professionals make? We've touched on some of them, but to summarize them, what are some of the mistakes you commonly see the healthcare professionals make when it comes to either leasing or purchasing their space?

The first mistake they make is they don't hire representation or they hire bad representation. Trying to do it alone, the do-it-yourself mentality is going to cost you a lot more than you think you're saving, not just time but actual economics results. The next mistake is bad timing. They don't start the process at the right time. It's too late or it's too early. If you start calling your landlord on a renewal three years out trying to renegotiate it, they're going to assume you have no idea what you're doing because that's not going to work nine times out of the time. Another mistake that is probably the largest mistake that gets made is people don't know the market. They don't know what their options are. They haven't taken the time to go to the market and look at their options. They haven't taken the time to negotiate with multiple people.

One of our company's core focuses is you've got to have as many opportunities that are viable as possible. We're not going to negotiate on ten properties, but you've got to negotiate on 2, 3 or 4 properties if possible to get an understanding of what the market's going to bear. You can't look at the face rate where they say, “The lease rate is $20 a square foot” and assume you know where that deal is going to end up. Two landlords could be at $20 a square foot. If one landlord offers no free rent, no tenant improvement allowance or no concessions and the other one offers $40 a square foot in tenant improvement allowance and five months free to build and then four months free once you open, then they have lower annual increases and maybe they will do a limited guarantee. You could end up with $100,000 or $200,000 difference in the economics of that deal.

It's never too early to start a relationship with a broker. Click To Tweet

You can’t look at face rate and say, “These guys are all similar.” In my opinion, it should be done by your broker because that's what they specialize in. The best approach is you go to the market. You look at your top options to lease and purchase. You look at the top options that meet your criteria. You pick the top 3 or 4, then you negotiate simultaneously against those 3 or 4 so you get a crystal-clear picture of what the market bears. If you're looking at doing a lease renewal as an example, you can't go to your current landlord and start trying to negotiate a lease renewal if you don't know what the best terms are that you can get somewhere else.

That's one of the biggest mistakes people make on lease renewals. They wait for the landlord to come to them, flat a proposal across the table or shoot them an email and then they're trying to gauge, “Is this a good deal? Is it worth signing? Is it worth moving?” What they usually do is they take back, ask for a little bit better lease rate and ask for a little bit higher concessions. The landlord will usually give them a little bit of movement, so that movement to them indicates they got a good deal, but in actuality, they're usually leaving tens of thousands of dollars on the table because they didn't compare it with the other option.

My number one point here is if the landlord doesn't believe that you're willing to move or that you have other viable options, you're not going to see the best terms. They have to know that you're educated, that you know the market, that you're willing to move and that you have other viable options that are ready to go. If you get to that place with the negotiation, you're going to capitalize. At that point, the landlord is going to realize they can't hit you with a lease rate that's several dollars above the market and expect you to roll over and take it. At that point, the landlord is going to move from being ultra-aggressive in the beginning to a little bit defensive and saying, “I've got to put together a fair deal because I don't want a vacancy,” because the vacancy costs the landlord a lot more than that it usually costs the tenant to move.

That’s great advice. It puts you in a position of power. Many times, we feel subservient to the landlord. They're holding our space, but you don't want to be in a position of weakness. You want to be in a position of power and be able to leverage what the market will bear.

It's not a position of arrogance. There's a big difference between being arrogant and confident. Arrogance is you can say whatever you want and throw your weight around. A lot of landlords do that. Our recommendation is to get in a position of confidence. That confidence comes from having the proper timeframe, hiring actual representation, going to the market in advance, negotiate with multiple owners, and then you can have that negotiation with the landlord with confidence knowing, “I've got three options. You have a good property. I've been here for ten years. I'm happy to look at renewal, but it's got to make sense for my practice. It's got to make sense for me financially. If it does, I love to find a win-win scenario here, but if not, I'm going to go to the property that’s going to be the best for myself, my practice, my patients, my family, etc.”

The truth of the matter is if the landlord has a space become vacant, it depends on the market and space. They might re-lease it again quickly, but if they sit vacant for six months or for a year, which the average space is going to sit vacant for longer than that in most markets, then you have to look at how much money will it take to re-lease this space, and then how much is going to go in there as far as tenant improvement allowance of that deal, free rent, downtime, commissions and all these things. Most landlords, once they know you're serious and they know that you have options, they're going to put together a deal that makes a lot more sense for them to keep you as a tenant than to have that space go vacant and lose a ton of money. That's going to result in you, the tenant, capturing the best deal and typically swinging that pendulum in your favor to the tune of tens or hundreds or thousands of dollars.

PTO 80 | Owning Versus Leasing
Owning Versus Leasing: If the landlord doesn't believe that you're willing to move or that you have other viable options, you're not going to see the best terms.


It goes back to the value of having someone who's knowledgeable about the market, a commercial real estate agent, especially a good one that can guide you, lead you and talk with you about what's going on out there and where you can leverage things. There are many times where I'll bring up an idea of, “Can we do this?” My realtor will say, “I don't think you'll budge on that, but we can do this,” then you can start considering how you're going to attack this. That lends to the value of having someone in your corner that knows the ins and outs and also can read the attitudes and the positions of the landlords.

That's a great point too because it is a great sounding board. It's not uncommon to have a tenant say, “Can we push in this area?” There's a realm of you want to push and you want to get the best deal possible. There's also a realm of you can push too far and you can hurt yourself if you ask for too much as opposed to getting a reasonable response. If you ask unreasonably, you're going to get an unreasonable response sometimes too. It's great to have a sounding board that says, “That might be too aggressive. Why don't we come a little bit lighter in that area, but then come harder in this area and get you the same result you're looking for.” It may be packaged or balanced better. The way you say something or how you propose it, oftentimes it’s equally as important as what you're asking for as far as what the answer is going to be.

We've covered a ton of stuff. Is there anything else you want to add that you would recommend the physical therapists do out there in terms of looking for leases or purchasing land or vacated properties?

I'm a huge advocate for people owning real estate. I own real estate personally and professionally. I'm a huge advocate of owning real estate when it makes sense. If you've been in a mindset where you have to lease and leasing is the only option for you, there are times when leasing makes a lot more sense than owning and that's great. If you haven't looked at ownership, I would highly encourage you to do that. In a lot of scenarios, the real estate ends up being worth as much if not more than the practice does over time. We are involved in a couple of hundred transactions per year where there's a transition or sale happening with healthcare providers. When there's real estate involved, 89% of the time, the real estate is worth more than the practice.

If real estate makes sense, if there are good options available in the economics and it makes sense, look at it, look at the market. Don't get focused on, “I have to do this or that,” but keep an open option or keep an open mindset and look at your options. If it makes sense, give it the time or diligence that it would require to make a decision and don't be afraid of it. That being said, the same standpoint is you cannot get obsessed with owning if it doesn't make sense. There are times where the only option on the real estate is a dramatically inferior property in a worse location. If you're comparing that to a landlord giving you a better lease rate, huge tenant improvement allowance, huge free rent package, and then giving you the flexibility to maybe start smaller and expand overtime or maybe move to a better area over time, you would want to look at and weigh both options.

Do you have some owners that might be leasing their current properties, but you've helped them purchase commercial real estate in other states or across the nation?

Let me answer that in two ways. We helped a lot of healthcare providers that decide they want to own real estate. Sometimes they own their main space where they have their practice. A lot of times, they lease and they want to own real estate. We have a lot of clients buy and invest in real estate and that's a different topic. The same fundamentals apply as far as it is a solid investment, principal pay down and tax deductions. For your main question, we have a lot of clients that lease in some locations and own others. That gets down to the due diligence. If you've got a space and it's built out, it works phenomenally, your practice is thriving, you get a renewal opportunity with free rent money to improve the space and freshen it up, the lease rate is super competitive. It’s a no-brainer and no hassle, as simple as possible, it can make a lot more sense than going through an eighteen-month process to build your own building and then having it cost you an extra $8,000 a month. The economics make that decision clear.

I threw that out there because there's a number of PT owners out there that might be in the middle of a 5 or 7-year lease. Maybe they're doing well and they have some disposable income, yet they'd be intrigued with real estate as a future investment and look at properties either within their community. Talking to someone like you could expose them to opportunities elsewhere that might be in good markets.

Anytime you have a chance to own real estate for your own practice, you're typically going to get the best financing with that. If you can get the property classified as an owner-occupied property, you're going to get the best financing. Also, whatever percentage of the building you occupy, the security that's based upon your practice, that's usually high for most owners who believe in their practice. If you have a chance to own commercial real estate and occupy a portion, that's great. We do have owners that own some and lease others. Hiring good agents to help you advise in the market, to help advise you on your options, you will come to a conclusion quickly of what makes the most sense of your practice. That's a great way to do it.

Thank you for sharing your time. Do you want to leave us with some contact information? How do we get in touch with you if we have further real estate questions?

Our website is We have a specific division of our company that's Only Healthcare, Only Tenant and Buyer rep. You can get in there and see more information. At the top of the landing page, we have “Find an agent.” You can click on that and you get in touch with an expert agent in your area that can start the process, that can answer any question you can come up with. There's also a tab up there that says, “Lease or purchase evaluation.” If you wanted to say, “How does my lease compare to the current market? If I wanted to own, what would that look like compared to my current scenario?” We'll put together a free analysis for you. You fill out a little bit of information and then the agent with our company that would be representing you in that area will contact you and then give you a free analysis. It's a helpful way to start the process.

The do-it-yourself mentality is going to cost you a lot more than you think you're saving, not just time but actual economics results. Click To Tweet

That's a cool add-on. It’s a great opportunity for people to evaluate what they're doing.

We get that. That's one of the biggest questions too. People might be 3 years into a 10-year lease or 5 years into a 10-year lease, it doesn't matter. They're curious, “Where am I at? Did I do a good job or a bad job? We love to answer those questions because it puts people's minds at ease to where they're not constantly thinking about this unknown variable for the next 5 or 10 years. Even if you're far in advance, we'll get with you, look at your lease, we'll tell you where you currently stack up compared to the market. We’ll tell you what we think your options are currently. Once the target window hits, whether that's in a year and eight years, then we start the process. It's a great way to get questions answered now and not worry about it for the next 3, 5, 10 years. That puts your mind at ease there and then knows that you have a game plan coming up that you're going to execute in the future.

That’s super valuable. I appreciate the time that you've taken with us. You shared a ton of information, especially for those of us who don't have a lot of exposure to real estate but are interested in it. For those who want to know, “Where do I stack up? What do I need to look for?” Getting a commercial real estate agent on your side is the first step. That's huge.

I appreciate being able to share it with you. This is our passion. We started the company with this entire model of helping healthcare providers level the playing field. This is our heartbeat and why we do it. It's fun to have the ability to positively impact lives as you do with your patients. It's the same thing.

Thanks for your time, Colin. I appreciate it.

Important Links:

About Colin Carr

PTO 80 | Owning Versus LeasingColin Carr is the founder and CEO of CARR, the nation’s leading provider of commercial real estate services for healthcare tenants and buyers. Every year, thousands of healthcare practices trust CARR to achieve the most favorable terms on their lease and purchase negotiations.

Colin has been involved in commercial real estate since 2000 and has personally completed over 1,000 transactions. He is a licensed real estate broker in ten states. Colin lectures and trains thousands of healthcare professionals, administrators, business owners, students and more on an annual basis throughout the country at national meetings, conventions, study clubs, associations, universities and more.

CARR’s mission is to help companies, practices and investors “Maximize Your Profitability Through Real Estate®”

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PTO 07 | Growing A Business


A lot of physical therapists don’t consider what it takes to be great businessman or businesswoman and invest the time and energy into that like they did to become good physical therapists. Blaine Stimac is one of the more successful PT owners who has 23 practices across four states and is ranked #255 on the Inc. 5000 list. Blaine's success is closely related to the systematic way in which he hires and trains his team. Blaine shares that at a minimum, trainings can take up to six to eight weeks, with follow up trainings after that, to create amazing, productive employees right off the bat or weed people out really quickly who are not the right fit. Blaine says growing a business is about the willingness to learn from each one of those times you didn't do great. You’ve got to be willing to embrace every moment as a learning opportunity.


Listen to the podcast here:

20 Plus Clinics And Growing!

Thanks for joining me, Blaine. I’m interviewing Blaine Stimac with Health & Rehab Solutions based out of Montana. The reason I wanted to interview Blaine is because he’s super successful and every time I’ve talked to him or heard him speak, he's had a lot of great insight for me. As social proof, Blaine's company is number 255 in 2017’s Inc. 5,000 list. He's currently got 23 clinics that are spread out across four states and is looking to grow even more and even faster in the near future. Thanks again for joining with me, Blaine. I appreciate it.

Thanks for having me.

Blaine, tell me your story. How did you get into PT and specifically what led you into then physical therapy ownership?

Probably like a lot of people. I had an injury in high school athletics playing football. I got a bad ankle sprain my junior year and went down in physical therapy and got some physical therapy, which opened my eyes to that field. From there, I knew this was something I wanted to do. I was always in science. I was interested in medicine. When I got that opportunity to work with athletes, to work with people and their body, that's what I set my sights on from that point.

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I’m assuming like most of us, you’ve got excited about what you could do with athletes, what you could do to help people quickly, see the progress, and looked forward to that. Did you also recognize the possible benefits of wanting to become a physical therapy owner right off the bat?

I had that idea at the time since I was in a private practice when I got physical therapy. That idea strengthened more when I was finishing up my physical therapy school. I started reaching out when I was getting done with school and testing some different avenues of people I knew who had practices. An opportunity came up for me to jump into what was at the time a young practice only in existence for probably a couple years but wasn't doing great. It was an opportunity for me to jump in and take it over.

You can go into that a little bit. What was the biggest transition for you going from a normal staff PT to not having some leadership in that regard?

This was me making the move into that practice and taking it over and basically starting it from ground up. Any of the patients that were there had departed at the time that I came into it. Day one, I had zero patients on the books. That was my first PT job. I did that straight out of school.

What did you do to get patients in the door? What was number one?

I was in this relatively unimpressive office space over a card table, looking at a phone book and going through the Yellow Pages. That was my start to it. When I had the opportunity to do it, I was definitely excited to step into practice ownership predominantly because I always had the desire to do more, to test myself in a variety of ways. When that opportunity jumped, it was a no-brainer for me. I was pretty great. I was definitely naive with what was coming with regards to practice ownership. I jumped into it with the idea of being excited. I had a vision; I had an idea what I wanted to do. I wanted to definitely do things bigger, better than what I saw as the average out there. That's what led me down there. What I discovered when I did it was something a little bit different.

What were your biggest hurdles there?

Day one, I had to figure out how to get some patients. I went around and started meeting with doctors in town. I’ve got told multiple times that I wouldn't make it. The market that I went into was fairly competitive. It was viewed that you had to have a niche or you had to be part of the community to make it. For me, the first couple years were about trying to establish myself as a therapist. Being young, straight out of school, I was trying to make sure I was good PT. That's what I focused on in those first couple of years. I established myself in the community as a good therapist. I was getting excellent results. The medical community started to recognize me and I was proud of the practice. For the first couple of years, that's what I did. I grew enough in the first year to have to move offices, which was a pleasant surprise.

From that point, about year two is when I bumped up my size of my office. I started to need to hire staff. I started to realize I had a business to run. Before that it was me and my wife who's an OT. We find ourselves pretty easy to manage. Most people find themselves easy. That wasn't the problem. As I started to have a business and I committed to staff, I committed to a space, I started to experience a whole another element other than the care that I was providing. From about years two through year six, I went through this process of learning the business side of it. Not necessarily learning the business side of it, but learning what private practice was about.

It was a shocker to me that it wasn't about how good of a therapist I was. There were all these other factors that were playing into what was happening in my practice. I was starting to get a reality on that and this was becoming real to me. The things that bothered me had little to do with whether I knew what to do with my patients when I went to the office the next day. There were many other factors and what I experienced from years two through six, I experienced somewhat of a burnout, somewhat of being frustrated because I had worked hard and I had ideas of how it was going to go. It wasn't going that way. I had the idea that we’ve got a little bit bigger then I would have some balance back. I’ve got the idea that some things would happen. The irony of it was the bigger we got, the worst it got. The more business I had to run, the more what I didn't know got exposed. That led me to that route of, “This isn't what I thought it was going to be when I first started out.”

You're not alone. That's the common plight of the independent physical therapy practitioner. We assume that because we gained some level of expertise, we get some good feedback and we get some good results, we move on and we move forward assuming that owning a business isn't such a big deal and that we can learn it as we go. Other people have done it, so why can't we? Your story is the same as a lot of the other owners that I’m interviewing. In your case, what sticks out to you? You said you went through some burnout. Was there one area of your practice that was difficult for you to manage? Was it an accumulation of things that led to a point where, “I’ve got to do something different?”

It was an accumulation of things. At the time, I might have tried to peg it a little bit. It was a matter of me coming to this recognition, and that was about year six for me. I was proud of my practice. We had an excellent reputation providing great physical therapy, getting good results, but it wasn't a matter of what wasn't happening. You talk about a lot of therapists going down that route and that happens. There was a day in private practice when you could be a great clinician and you would make it because you're a great clinician. The margins were different. The ability to run a practice and not know a lot about running the practice works. The referral pattern control wasn't near as aggressive as it is. You could compete without being knowledgeable about marketing. There was a day when you could screw up a lot as an owner and still make it because you were a great PT.

PTO 07 | Growing A Business
Growing A Business: There was a day when you could screw up a lot as an owner and still make it because you were a great PT.

Those days have changed dramatically from ten, fifteen, twenty years ago depending on what part of the country you're in. Certain areas get hit with that change a little faster than others. About six years after trying a few different attempts to solve the things that I was up against and my challenges, I had this moment, a little bit of an epiphany with myself, where it was like, “Blaine, you're a darn good PT but you do not know how to run a business.” I got real with myself for a moment and I took a look at that. At this point in time, I’m only 30 years old. I’ve gotten a lot of career. I’m ready to start a family. I could get a picture of what the next 20, 25, 30 years are going to look if I didn't figure this thing out. If I’m going to keep doing this, I’m going to figure out how to run a business. That was the process of me making this move into realizing that I needed to become more knowledgeable and more skilled in that area as well.

Times are different and we've got to do more. We didn't get any PT training from our physical therapy schools. It sounds you were proud of your practice, you had a good reputation, and you were probably making fairly good money. In my situation, I lacked the stability and the freedom that I wanted. The stability and the money might have been good, but I knew that if anything happened to me, then that clinic was going down pretty quickly.

I lacked any freedom whatsoever because I was tied to that company and it depended on me. It was my baby. I thought about it 24/7. It was hard to get weekends off mentally and trying to pay the bills after work and stuff like that. I can totally relate to where you're coming from. Things are changing. You have to do something different. What were some of the things that you tried? What clicked? I’m assuming that essentially you decided that you had to reach out and do something different than what you were doing.

That's the moment that I decided I was going to do something more about the business side of my practice. That's one of the common errors that practice owners make when they want to make their practice better. It's interesting how they'll go get more trained in physical therapy, thinking, “If I become certified, if get my fellow, if I become OCS or I do something of the sort, it’s going to solve some of these problems,” but it wasn’t. That was my first reality with that. I reached out. At the time, there were a few different consulting firms that were around offering business advice. I researched three of them, picked one of them, and was happy with what I’ve got.

I got educated on the business side of it. I got trained as an executive which started to give me the tools and the knowhow that I needed to begin addressing my practice with the same level of skill and expertise that I address my patients. It's that same element. As I’ve talked to other practice owners in the past, I’ve gotten into that idea where I say, “We're going to have to become as good at running our practices as we are treating our patients.” We have all of this intention to become great clinicians and we short-suit ourselves on the physical therapy side of it. We don't get training in PT school.

Not only do we not get training, but the training we do get doesn't carry over to business. I always make the analogy that because you're good at football doesn't make you good at golf. It doesn't carry over the way that if you had some finance training or you had some other industries that might carry over. Generally speaking, because of that, we don't understand what's happening. With the industry as it is today and what it takes to even exist, thrive and succeed in private practice, you've got to be good in a lot of areas. There are a lot of different aspects that you’ve got to know something about and or be an expert.

It’s not always about a certain consulting firm that can do it for you. My whole purpose here is to help people understand that you need to do something. You researched three different consulting firms and you went with one. I would recommend to any physical therapy owner to do the same thing. See what's out there, see what's available, and see what can educate you on the business aspect.

There are many companies out there that will focus on marketing, but how do you structure your business? What should your meeting rhythms look like? How do you hire and fire people correctly so that you're getting the right people on the bus? There are a lot of different aspects to business ownership other than the marketing simply getting the patients in the door. When you're looking for a consulting group, company or person, you want to find that person that's going to help you in all those different aspects of physical therapy ownership.

That's excellent advice. I would give the same advice. The best move I made was deciding to get that business training and go down that route. It's also why as I progressed into becoming a multi-clinic company and starting to want to work with other private practice owners. It's exactly the purpose of my existing company or my senior company, which is to partner with other practice owners and or aspiring practice owners, fill that gap of what they don't have on the business side of it, a true strategic partnership that allows for two skill sets to come together and do more together than they would do on their own. Even if a strategic partnership isn't the right move for certain people, the necessity to get the education to get the training is critical. There are a few routes available to people like you're mentioning out there.

Tell me a little bit about that. Tell me a little bit more about what your purpose is and how you are a benefit to independent physical therapy clinic owners?

As I made that move, I got trained, I’ve got the tools, I started to have a lot more success in my practice. Not only did I have success and I was capable of doing certain things that I didn't understand before, it also gave me some of the freedoms you're talking about. I made an acquisition of another clinic in my community. I tripled overnight. I still was able to understand how to correctly manage what I had. This was a company that had an excellent clinical reputation in the community as the biggest private practice in the community, but again, struggling when it came to running the business.

It was a perfect for me because I’ve got the opportunity to go in and revamp an existing practice. It was an opportunity for me to utilize some of my new skill set. I had a lot of success in doing that. What also happened was it gave me the freedom and I began getting more involved in the APTA on both the statewide and the national level. This led me into recognition of what was happening across the state, some of the senior policy issues that our profession faced. In addition to at that point in time, I had met and had a network of colleagues across the country and many other private practice owners that I understood what was going on, and I saw that there was a bit of an epidemic.

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I saw that private practice owners, generally speaking, were struggling. I saw where things were going, the future. I thought it was only going to get harder. I had to face that myself with my practice being in Montana and went, “There are things here that I see coming that I considered still a threat.” I was at a Federal Affairs Forum in DC and I saw this future and I wanted to do something. There were two things I was trying to solve at that point in time. One, I wanted to do something that I thought would strengthen my chance of success into the future. I thought that growth was going to be necessary to do that. I thought strengthening beyond what I could do as an individual practice owner was going to be necessary to potentially handle what could be coming with healthcare reform and what could happen.

This was during Obama's first year in office, before he passed the Healthcare Law. Here we are nine years later and we still don't know what's going to happen with healthcare reform. I developed this passion to want to help private practice owners during that time of going through a certain process myself. Realizing the importance of the business training and realizing how much of a difference that made to me as a private practice owner, I wanted to work with private practice owners. I love that because most private practice owners that I know, Nathan, are in it for the right reasons. They're passionate, they care more, they don't want to work for the hospital, which I love. They're not willing to do it that way. They're out there because they really care. Typically speaking, these are the practices that offer the best physical therapy inside of their community.

I wanted to help them in an area that would strengthen their ability to serve their community. I wanted to partner with them. The consulting world is awesome too. You get a consultant, they can help you. If they train you in business, that's even better than giving you advice because that training you can use and keep. Short-term advice expires fast. It's not enough to deal with the ongoing challenges. What was nice about the company that I work with is you've got training, you had the education. It wasn't just advice, but at the same time there was an enormous amount of progression beyond that spot to take it to the level that I took it to.

That's where I thought a partnership would allow for a lot more where a lot of people don't have the time, the intention, and enthusiasm to go down the route that I did. I saw it as a good route for a potential partnership. I went down that route. I wanted to partner with private practice owners. I wanted to strengthen their chance to succeed. I’m a champion of private practice. I believe private practice has to make it for our profession to make it. If you look at the role private practice has played for when we were a secondary caregiver, we were clearly down the hierarchy in as far as healthcare providers to becoming an autonomous practitioner, direct access, capable of seeing people off the street, being recognized as the expert in musculoskeletal system.

That progression, in my opinion, has been driven by the private practice sector. I usually ask people, “Take a look at all the people that you'll pay money to go to their courses and either become certified in or look at all the people that we write today would let’s hear the big dogs out there.” The ones that we go to their courses got their name on everything, the leaders, the gurus. I’ll usually say, “Name one of them who didn't grow up in private practice. Name one of them who’s existing and living in a hospital system.” It doesn't work. These are the people that were driving the progression of our profession. I believe I want to help practice stay there. Private practice owners are the people who most motivate and inspire me because of what they're doing and why they're doing it. I wanted to strengthen that.

You've partnered with a number of physical therapists and opened up a number of your clinics. That first one you took over was a larger clinic than your own in Montana. With your experience, what are the two things that you see going wrong in private practice ownership that you're able to “fix” and what are some of your secrets to coming in and fixing those things?

Every practice has their own areas that they're strong in and not strong in. It can be the aspects of marketing. It can be the understanding of finance. Financing includes both, one, how to correctly use your money. As we know, we can't use and spend money if we also don't know how to make it. If we can't make it first, we’re in trouble. Number two, once we make it, we better know how to use it correctly in order to run a business. You see that error a lot in practices. All the practices that I’ve evaluated, most of them have a finance problem.

When you say finance, are you talking billing and collections? Are you talking expenses are out of whack and they're spending more than they should be? Is it a combination of both?

It’s a combination of both. What you bring up in the billing and collection side of it is definitely something that you have to know and understand. My general experience with third party billing companies is they do okay, but I don't think they're great at it. They improve if you're a bad situation, but I don't think that they do it as well as it could be done. That's why I decided to perfect it in my own practice. A lot of practice owners who have confronted that area and got good at it realize that side of it. In and of itself, it's a whole industry, hence the reason you have all these third party companies out there. That side of it has to be understood.

There's the side of knowing how to correctly spend your money, the expenses, and how to correctly manage it also from an understanding of how much volume you need your group to do. How do you manage this? There were many practice owners that I’ve looked at their practice that weren't even paying themselves or that were paying themselves less than their staff. They didn't know quite how to make it go and some of them weren't small. They had a decent size practice there. They didn't know quite what to do. It's not that they were way off in left field in any one area as much as it's a multitude of small little things not quite done right that add up to a chunk in there struggling with either low margins they're battling. They're wondering if they're going to make payroll this week. They're wondering what's going to happen.

Even when they're making decent money, when I asked them how many hours they're working, they're still making less than their staff. They're working 65 hours a week. When you break it out over per hour, it doesn't even sometimes come out to that. They recognize that they're not always getting that, but they keep going and they're driven because they have such a huge intention to help. They want to be great physical therapist, what is inspiring and what is great about it and what is to be admired. At the same time, we've got to have some skill on this to know what to do with that intention.

Number two, if I ask almost any business owner what's the hardest part about running a business, they're almost always telling me personnel, staff, people. Getting people to do what you would do. They'll say, “I’ve got to clone myself,” or they'll say, “If I could only hire more like this,” but the reality of it is those people are not going to do what you do. It requires that you have a skill set. It requires that you have some ability to learn to build a true team of people who can perform at a level that's above average.

PTO 07 | Growing A Business
Growing A Business: Short-term advice expires fast. It's not enough to deal with the ongoing challenges.

I had this realization after battling for a while when I first took that clinic, the first practice over that I was telling you about. I had the realization that I wasn't going to win with what was average. I needed to be able to do is to create a group that was above average. I realized I had to have a skillset and invest in the development of my group and their abilities. Probably one of the tougher parts of running a practice is learning how to work with your staff, learning how to take this group of people and expand their skill set upward and do it as a team.

Any secrets to what you do then to build that team or to filter the incoming people or filter out the wrong people? What secrets do you hold on there?

First off, you do have to be capable of hiring good people. There is a skill to that. There is a correct way to do that or a better way to do that. You definitely have to have a high standard for what you allow to stay on your team. If a person is distinctly not getting their job done, you have to be able to deal with that. It’s no different than if you're on an athletic team and one personnel on the field was distinctly not getting their job done, that person would be replaced. That has to happen. Once you get an improvement in the hiring side of things and the ability to know when a person should stay on your team and when they should not, the second piece is you’ve got to be good in your training. If you don't train people well, onboard them correctly, and give them the right training and expectations of coming onto your team, you're going to struggle. That's a key factor too.

You've shared your training with me in the past and there's quite a bit to it. You focused on defining the product that that position is supposed to obtain and how they go about getting that product have a clear definition as to the post. Am I saying it correctly?

Absolutely. We are definitely going to make it clear what the expectations of being part of our team. We let people know right away that we're trying to build a great team here. We're not trying to build an average team that will appeal to certain people, and certain people it won't appeal to. People who want to come in and punch the clock and do the bare minimum, it's going to be less appealing to them as the person who wants opportunity and wants to advance their career.

We make it known right away that expectation. We make the exact outcome or result of their job. Every position has a specific thing that it's there to do, which we might also call their product. It's the thing that, at the end of the day, we have to make sure is happening. It's the thing that we have to make sure we're capable of doing. If I’m a receiver, I have to catch the ball. I can't almost catch the ball. At some point in time, I have to actually catch the ball. When I’m learning, that's okay. When I’m growing and developing, that’s okay. I’ve got to eventually develop that ability to catch the ball and then I’ve got to have it right. We work on making sure people understand what that is, make sure that they want, that they're on board, that this matches their own personal goals and what they're trying to accomplish in their career. We start teaching them the knowhow, the technique, and what it takes to correctly do that.

My teaching isn't a matter of some two our little quickie training that I give them onsite or, “Here, read a couple things,” and then throw them insight. This is something that would involve reading, training, and mentorship. It involves some time. We deal with mistakes, we deal with misses, and we come back in and try to strengthen. No one learns their job in the first week that they're there. We want to think they do. Sometimes that's all the time we give it, some little quickie. Who is going to come in and in matter of a couple of days learning their whole job?

How long do you consider your onboarding, your training?

Every position is a little bit different, from a therapist to a physical therapy tech to a reception to a billing person or whatever. Every person grows and develops at a little bit different speed. One person might be twice as fast as the next one. We're less interested in time but more interested in the fact that person is making progress towards and their effort is there, they're willing, they're trying, and then we work with them. It can be anywhere from oftentimes six to eight weeks, and sometimes it's three to four, five, six months.

We even have some of our training. They'll go through a second round, a certain period of time down the road, which then adds in a higher gradient of training that would be too much right out of the chute. It also reiterates certain pieces so they can get it again. Sometimes studying something more than one time allows for it to sink in a little bit more. We have a couple of things there and we're always willing to help that person. What we more look for is desire and willingness, a person who wants to progress and grow in their career. We spend the amount of time in that at that point.

How do you weed somebody out if you've figured out that this person isn't going to work on your team? Take me through that process. I’m assuming that you figure it out pretty quickly with the amount of training you do because you do a lot more training than most. How do you weed someone out if you recognize that they're not producing what they are supposed be?

A well put together training lineup sequence program will definitely help. In that process, if you're working with someone frequently and consistently, you'll start to recognize the people who weren't there for the same reasons that you want the rest of your team there for. If you're working with them closely during those early days, it starts to show up a little bit. Oftentimes, their willingness starts to change, their frustration. There's frequently, instead of trying to figure out what needs to improve, oftentimes there's a “why things can't be done” approach.

A person will always complain about stuff and they'll tell you why it can't be done. They don't go, “Yes, let's try that again. Let me see what can I learn about this? What part of this can I get better at?” There's always more of a resistance about why it can't be done as opposed to an attempt to try to find the solution we need to it. You start getting a feel for that. Once we get that feel, the progression of their training starts to change a little bit. We're going to have a little bit more of a direct conversation about whether they want to be there. What it is that they want? Sometimes they're not always bad folks, but this isn't what they want to do shows up.

You'd rather find that out quickly and honestly if they're aligned with you or not.

The sooner, the better. That's a good piece of advice there, the sooner, the better you can find that. Here's another thing that I’ll throw out as a piece of advice or as to comment out there for the practice owners. Sometimes when we hire, we hire a little bit out of desperation. We get busy and we weren't prepared for it. We weren't ahead of the curve. What ends up happening is we wait until we're super busy. We're not confident in our numbers so we don't make the move early when we should be. we know our numbers are going to stay, everybody's freaking out, and we go hire the first person or first therapist or first receptionist that comes along.

We’re put in a difficult situation because of someone parting and we hire more out of desperation than trying to find the right fit. When we do that, oftentimes, one, we don't get as good of a quality of candidate that we hired as a new team member. Number two, when that person's not working out, we hang onto them too long because we don't want to do it again. It was such a hassle to go hire that we don't want to let this one go because we can't face having to do it again. Both of those are strong reasons of why we go around with a less than high performing team or what I like to sometimes say sandbags. We're trying to run a race with sandbags on our back.

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I’m trying to think of what you hear quite frequently in business terms where you take your time in hiring, but you fire quickly. It sounds not only do you take your time in hiring, you take your time in training those people up. When you figure out they're not the right fit, you're pretty quick about it and you pull the trigger.

Absolutely. Each one of our partners that we work with is learning that themselves because they're the one running their practice and we’re consulting them. If I am directly onsite running that practice, I’m probably fast. I’ve done this for a long time. I’ve been around the block a lot of times and you’ve come to recognize. What I love though is there's always an intention to want to help that person. Most private practice owners are strong in their desire to help people. That also make us a little bit of a sucker at times because we hang on.

We want to help our employees as much as we want to help our patients. What you understand is that person has to meet your desire to help them and they have to meet you halfway. You can't walk them to do better than they want themselves. They have to want, at least as much, to do well as you want them to do well. We like to help them and spend that time with them, but as soon as they're not working out or we recognized certain things, we move pretty fast.

I read a lot of books on business. You go to conferences, you have a lot of mentors out there and that's probably one of the consistent things you hear from successful business owners. Hire slow, fire fast. It's true, but it's much harder to do in person than it is until you’ve got a good feel for it, and then you could do that. You also got to be willing to learn from each one of those times you didn't do it great. You’ve got to be willing to go through it a few times. You’ve got to be willing to experience every aspect of that. Sometimes the hard parts of running a practice, Nathan, we don't always welcome them as well as we welcome the good parts. We have to welcome every part of it because if you don't, you're not learning as much from it as you do the good parts.

A lot of times when we were running into tough parts, we have a tendency to wish it wasn't there. We don't embrace that moment as a learning opportunity. We don't do everything we can to learn from it and see the places that we made mistakes in on the front end. Consider it an opportunity as opposed to, “This is something uncomfortable, it's painful. I’m going through it and I wish I wasn't.” It doesn’t work that way. You’ve got to be willing to take one on the nose sometimes and enjoy it. You’ve got to want to learn from it and embrace that moment.

Consider it a learning experience. You mentioned that you read a lot of books. Are there some books in particular that are favorites that stick out business-wise that you would recommend other PT owners read?

I probably have not read a single book that encompasses every aspect. I’ve read many books and I like each of the pieces that different parts of them bring. Sometimes I get inspired more by reading about people's story. I read how they overcame their willingness to go through adversity, their toughness when they were getting hit. I love these stories. I love hearing other people have the ups and downs because sometimes when we see a successful person, you don't always realize that they had to work to get that, that they had to go through a lot of different growth phases.

They had to mature. They had to go through ups and downs. I find that inspiring because during the times when it is tough, during the times when you're battling a little bit, it's nice to have that motivator of knowing other people have gone through that and to not in any way slow down, to not hold back at all. I love those aspects of it. I’ve read many books. I’ll do some study on marketing. I have different potentially recommendation of books and different aspects that you can go down that route and things I like to look at there a little bit. I love reading about people's story as much as even a direct technique and whatnot because we have our systems that we use quite a bit and we try more strengthening in certain areas. I’ll do quite a bit of study on marketing or whatnot.

The one thing that is unique about you is that you have a number of clinics across different state lines. Is there any challenge to that that you've come across?

Yes, there is. You're going to have to learn a new practice act. You're going to have to learn a new employment law. The insurance contracting is not always the same across regions. Every time you go into a new region, there's quite a bit of research and due diligence that goes into that process. Anytime you get a distance away from your clinic that you can't easily drive to it, you've got to be stronger in certain areas. You have to be if you're onsite every day. Probably the biggest challenge is learning how to get distance from your clinics and still have the right things being done. That goes back to a strong business model, strong training, strong understanding of what to teach people, and becoming good at business, being a good executive and strengthening your team.

It goes back to the number of the things that we've already talked about. Number one, hiring the right people because you need to have the right people managing that site that is far away from you, and doing a lot of the proper training. A lot of that training can't occur unless you have pretty solid and stable policies and procedures in place to make sure that everything's running the correct way. You're looking at all the same key performance indicators. You're all focused on the same statistics and even focused on a similar meeting rhythm that you can report accordingly.

You hit on some of the key points there. A good book that talks a lot about getting the right people in the right seats on the bus is Jim Collins’ Good To Great. It’s a book I enjoyed as well. Not excellent exact techniques on how to run your business, but a recognition of the fact that those that are more successful are doing things different than those that are not. It's not based on luck. It's not based on a variety of factors. It’s based on learning what to do and doing it. That's a great book. You’ve got to have a good organizational structure. You've got to have good metrics, analytics, statistics.

You've got to have the ability to have meetings and be well-coordinated as a team. You've got to have good written materials, policies, procedures, knowhow, recipes, correct technique that you can teach people. Success is about figuring out what to do and then being able to execute that game plan. Ability comes down to three key factors, being able to see what's happening, the ability to know what to do with what's happening, and then the ability to execute based off of what you wanted to do. There are a lot of people who come up with a plan and failed to correctly execute it. Those factors as a team, any team comes back to also the ability for good leadership. Every practice out there has to embrace that opportunity to be a good leader has to like everything that comes with that, the good and the bad.

PTO 07 | Growing A Business
Growing A Business: Every person grows and develops at a little bit different speed.

Sometimes when you're the leader, you're also the first guy the fingers point at. You’ve got to want that. You’ve got to be willing to embrace that. The more technique and the more skill you have behind you, the more enjoyable. It gets fun. Just like an athlete, you see an athlete who's good, they make it look easy, almost fluid, they're smooth, they’re skilled, it's like an art. A good executive is the same way. They become artful in what they're doing. They're skilled and they make it look easy. Realize that that's a reflection of their confidence, not their skill set, and the time that they put in to grow.

Most practice owners, if they might recognize that they're not all the way there yet, would recognize that as long as you're trying to grow, you're constantly trying to improve, and you have a path towards that growth, that's what you're looking for. That's what we want to do because I know where you're at. You guys have done great things with your practice too. I know a little bit about your story and as you guys know, we're always striving. We're always trying to get better. We're always growing. That drive and feeling confident that you're going down a path that's going to lead you where you want to go makes it more fun. It becomes enjoyable the more skilled you become at it.

Tell us a little bit about how people can get in touch with you? Tell us a little bit about Health & Rehab Solutions and what you are doing at this point, if they are interested, how to contact you.

Health & Rehab Solutions has a couple of different routes in which we look to accomplish our purposes, grow, and accomplish our successes. One is through partnering with either existing practice owners. These are practice owners that either recognize that they want to strengthen the business side of their practice and they see a strategic partnership as the best route to do that. One of the things to understand about our company, if you are an existing practice owner, is we have no private equity backing.

We don't have investors that we're having to serve inside of our model. We've done everything we've done self-funded and we're still run and owned by physical therapist. Health & Rehab Solutions is owned by myself and my partner, Ryan Robinson, who is also a physical therapist. Between the two of us, every time we partner with a new partner and help them run and grow their company, is another physical therapist. That's quite a bit different than this big market out there which is dominated by these big industries who are backed by private equity and venture capitalist group. At the moment you do that is a different game.

One of the things that we are unique in the market right now is we're an opportunity to partner with 100% physical therapy owned group as opposed to a private equity group. We like to call that more a true partnership because we believe some of the other models out there would have the tendency to be sometimes a little bit of a biased model. They're set up a little strong in one direction or the other as opposed to this direction. That's how we look at it a little bit. It's important for people to know that differentiation.

We'll partner with existing practice owners, go in and start teaming up with them on their practice, sometimes to solve what is a challenging market. A lot of times to get back on track with helping them go towards their goals. A lot of times where they originally wanted to go and where they're going or what they've accomplished thus far is not what they have in their original vision, in their original set of goals. It's time to get back on track with that and go.

Some people we've partnered with also see our opportunity to partner with us and then increase their platform for growth. Not only does it solve some problems that they have, but it also strengthens their opportunity to grow. They get the structure that we've created, they see our systems, they see our model and how well it's been put together and how it allows for that. It's one of the pieces and the things that is truly strong. We also will partner with the practice owners that are aspiring practice owners, people that are up and coming, looking to make that move into practice ownership.

Getting a strategic partnership will allow them to accomplish more than going out on their own. Once we have a partner from that point, we have our own strategic plan and growth plan with each one of them. Sometimes we're making with that single person and that partner or growing quite a bit of their brand and their clinic. We have four or five clinics now. We have some companies that four or five clinics and are wanting to continue to build inside of their own geographic region.

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If people want to reach out to you and get to know a little bit more about your company, how did they do that?

The best opportunity would be to email me at You can also contact us through our website, and get in touch with us that way as well. There's contact information on there. There's an email you can email in addition to my email that I gave you.

Thanks for sharing. I appreciate your time, Blaine. The work that you're doing is phenomenal. Your purpose is obvious and you've got a ton of experience to share with not only the people within your group and with Health & Rehab Solutions. Based on your work in the business and with the APTA you've got a wealth of experience. I look forward to hearing more from you in the future.

Thanks, Nathan.


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About Blaine Stimac

PTO 07 | Growing A BusinessBlaine Stimac, PT, MSPT, received his Masters of Physical Therapy from the University of Montana in 2000. He has been a private practice owner since 2001 and has received extensive training in business and management technologies becoming an expert in private practice. He serves as the CEO of his practices and has engineered a multi-practice group that has experienced significant growth over the past 5 years. He has been involved in the acquisition of 7 practices, including 14 clinics, during his career in private practice. Blaine co-founded Health & Rehab Solutions, LLC to further expand his successful practice model. Blaine is also dedicated to the physical therapy profession and private practice. He currently serves on the Board of Directors as the Treasurer of the Montana Chapter of the APTA and is active advocating for his profession on a statewide and national level. He is an active member of the Private Practice Section of the APTA and recently authored an article for IMPACT magazine. He has become an opinion leader within his profession by advocating for private practice and consulting multiple practice owners in improving their practices. Blaine is passionate about creating a group of private practices that are known as the benchmark in what a private practice clinic should be. Outside of the office Blaine spends time with his family and watches his three boys learn, grow, and live life to the fullest. He is very active and can be found whitewater kayaking, skiing, biking, hiking and enjoying the adventures of the mountains.

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